Wineregions in California produce a range of diverse and unique wines.The wines have different characteristics and flavours brought aboutby the different climates, soils and wine makers that create them.The diversity ensures that within the state there is wine for everytaste. As a Chardonnay grown from the central valley can seem like avery different type of grape than that grown Monterey grapes. Fromthe coastal air to abundance in sunshine and the variety of terrainand soils, make each region contribute its own blend of the diversegrape grown there.
Everybottle of the Californian wine has a list of the geographical regionwhere the grapes were grown. For wine to have an AVA name on thelabel, 85% of the grapes must come from that region. If a county isthe one on the label, then the grapes produced from that count are75%. Lastly, if the wine is stated California, then 100% of thegrapes were grown from that golden region.
AnAVA is a geographical region that produces grapes and hasdistinguishable characteristics such as soil, climate, terrain,elevation that differ from the surrounding regions. The AVA regionsare of no limit in size as they can be of any size and may even crossthe state or county lines. The common regions like Sonoma and Napavalleys all have AVAs in them both large and small.
TheNorth Coast contains the grape region that put Californian wine onthe map. It is home to more than half the state’s wineries andAVAs. It contains counties like Mendocino County, which has a diverseclimate and geography grows a wide range of grapes including theCabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, and Pinot Noir. It is also host 10AVAs the most common ones being Mendocino and Anderson Valley(recognized for sparkling wines) AVA’s. Lake City County home to 5AVAs is renown to produce the affordable and fine Sauvignon Blanc andCabernet Sauvignon. Sonoma County is home to about 500 wineries and13 AVAs. The county grows the Pinot Noir than any other county in thestate. Napa County is one of the most popular wine regions producingaround 4% of all the wine in the State. It is home to 600 wineries,16 AVAs and the finest wine in the country. It is best for producingCabernet Sauvignon but also known for producing fine Chardonnay,Merlot, Noir, Pinot, Sauvignon Blanc, Riesling, Chenin Blanc, andZinfandel.
Thecentral coast region cover a huge stretch of the coastline. It can bedivided distinctly into two main regions the North and the South. TheNorth Central Coast part contains AVAs like the Santa Cruz Mountains,Livermore Valley, Carmel Valley, and Monterey. It also produces awide range of varietals with some regions favouring Chardonnay andPinot Noir while others producing excellent Sauvignon Blanc andCabernet Sauvignon. The South Part produces grape varietals like theRhone varietals, like Mourvedre, Grenache and Syrah, to Italianvarietals like Sangiovese and Barbera, to Burgundian varietals ofChardonnay and Pinot Noir.
Valleyis the workhouse of the state’s wine. The Central Valley producesthree-quarters of the state’s wine. This large region encompasseswine that are labelled “California”. Lastly, some of the wineriesthat produces these wine include Arista Winery, Keller Estate wineryand Merry Edwards Winery.
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