U.S GOVERNMENT VERSUS CANADIAN GOVERNMENT
USgovernment versus Canadian Government
BothCanada and the US are democracies. They are both federal states andhave very different governing systems though there are somesimilarities in culture. They have different structures, laws, andprocesses that govern them. The difference in government is broughtabout due to the distinct constitutions. In the United States, theconstitution is constituted of one written document. In Canadahowever, it consists of both written and unwritten elements. Beloware some evident differences between the two governments.
Thelanguages being spoken in the two countries bring out the firstdifference. In the US, only one basic language is spoken whereasCanada has two basic languages. In Canada, the bilingualismrecognition is limited but it is expanding as well. An example ofthis practice is when the New Brunswick government requested thatFrench and English should be adopted as official languages of thatprovince (Moran,et al. 2012).Ontario had the largest number of French-speakers outside Quebec, andit has increased its services in French for those who speak French.In the constitution, except Manitoba, New Brunswick, and Quebec, allother provinces are allowed to have more official languages, just asit pleases them. It is even not necessary to include English andFrench among them.
Inthe U.S, the president serves as both the head of state andgovernment head. In Canada however, the queen is the head of stateand the Governor-General represents her (Abelson,2000).The sole leader makes his choice regarding the prime minister ofCanada. They have the position of federal head. The head of state hasthe authority to put restraints on the powers of the head of state. For this reason, US can be termed as a Republic and Canada, amonarchy based on a constitution. In Canada, during exceptionalcircumstances, the head of state protects parliament and peopleagainst exploitative prime minister and ministers
TheCongress of the U.S and the Canadian Parliament are similar infunction and structure but differ in operation. Canada has aparliamentary cabinet government while in the US there is thepresidential-congressional. Presidential-congressional is a type ofgovernment where powers are shared. In this system, there is no waythe president of America and any member of the cabinet can be membersof any of the Congress houses (Olson, 2015). The president or anycabinet member cannot introduce a bill in Congress, answer questionsabout it or even defend it. In the case of parliamentary-cabinet, thegovernment majors on power concentration. The prime minister plus allother ministers must be members of either house. They can alsoacquire seats in either house within a short period after they havebeen appointed.
Inboth the U.S. and the Canadian system, members of the lower house arethe elected by people. In the U.S., however, the president and thesenators are voted for also by the people whereas in Canada, theprime minister, and the governor general appoints the senators(Simeon,et al. 1997).The minister is typically the party forerunner of the party that madeit by a popular in the House of Commons elections. In the Canadianconstitution, elections are required every four years at least. Theprime minister, however, is expected to resign, according to theircustom, or have elections called for in the process just in case thecabinet is at odds with the House of Commons. In contrast, in theU.S. Constitution, a president cannot rule for a term of more thanfour years. Members of the Senate and House of Representatives,however, serve six-year terms and two-year terms respectively. Theterms of office in Canada are not fixed as seen in the case of theUnited States.
Theleaders who were first to unite the Canadian provinces into a countryare otherwise known as Fathers of Confederation. They had a beliefthat as a result of the states having a lot of power, the AmericanCivil War occurred. The Constitution in the U.S. granted the statesall other rights and made manifest the federal government power(Hague, et al. 2013). In the constitution of Canada, Act, 1867, theopposite is done. In both The United States and Canada, however, theinterpretation of the judicial has resulted into a reversal: there isa much more centralized power system in The United States as comparedto Canada. Canada is practically ranked among the most decentralizedpolitical entity in the world.
Thedifferences described above generally compares the two types ofdemocracies using specific examples as Canada and the United Statesbringing out the clear difference between the two. The two types ofdemocracies are the representative and direct democracy. In Canada,the type of democracy observed is representative whereas, in TheUnited States, direct democracy is practiced.
Abelson,D. E. (2000). Do think tanks matter? Opportunities, constraints andincentives for think tanks in Canada and the United States. GlobalSociety,14(2),213-236.
Hague,R., & Harrop, M. (2013). Comparativegovernment and politics: an introduction.Palgrave Macmillan.
Moran,R. T., Abramson, N. R., & Moran, S. V. (2014). Managingcultural differences.Routledge.
Olson,D. M. (2015). Democraticlegislative institutions: a comparative view.Routledge.
Simeon,R., & Willis, E. (1997). Democracy and performance: Governance inCanada and the United States. Degreesof freedom: Canada and the United States in a changing world,150-186.