Theories of Leadership

Theoriesof Leadership


WesternGovernors University

Theoriesof Leadership

SevenHabits Profile-Reflection

Habit1-Being Proactive

Accordingto this habit and about my scores, I can say that I am a highlyproactive person who decides my goal and goes for it. I am the highlyeffective person in regards to this habit, and I am not dwelling onthe things I may not change. I am highly responsible for my actions,make my decisions, choose my response to circumstances and I am veryactive in making decisions (Avey, Wernsing &amp Luthans, 2008).

Habit2-Beginning and ending in mind

Frommy scores, it is apparent that I have clear goals that I look forwardto achieving. I have principles that clearly state what I want to be.Every week I have clear plans of goals that I look forward toachieving. As part of my goals, I visualize what I want and go forit.

Habit3-Putting First Things First

Iam in a position to prioritize tasks by importance and not urgency.The plans that I have in place clearly ensures that I can drivetowards my end goal. What seems to be a challenge is the execution ofthe things that I do every day. I am highly powered and would notallow activities of my life to get lost in the busy daily activities.I can manage myself properly and effectively to come up with a lifethat is congruent with answers.

Habit4-Thinking Win/Win

Mycooperation levels are good, and I tend to agree that throughcompetition with others and working with them I can achieve a commongoal that is being counterproductive (Avey, Wernsing &amp Luthans,2008). I care about others success thus meaning that I am for mutualbenefit and success for all. Although from my scores, it is apparentthat still I am not very effective in solving conflicts and finding asolution for all.

Habit5- Seeking first to Understand then Being Understood

Frommy scores, the level of sensitivity to the feelings of others isstill down. Nonetheless, I am a keen listener to the other people,and I tend to be in their shoes trying to comprehend what they say. Iam never in a hurry but always take my time to understand the problemdeeply first. Overall, I am good in interpersonal communication andworking to understanding the feelings of others.

Habit6- Synergy

Accordingto this habit, the focus is on valuing and building on thedifferences that exist for the benefit of all (Avey, Wernsing &ampLuthans, 2008). Nonetheless, I have not been going out to get newideas, and my level of creativity has not been just good. I seek toimprove on this by seeking challenging viewpoints from others. I havebeen open to new ideas though and contributions that emerge fromother people. This infers that I appreciate the fact that I needothers for success.

Habit7-Sharpening the Saw

Myscore in this area has not been very good and still need to beeffective over time making sure that I keep my body and mind strong.I will seek opportunities to volunteer and do other communallyassigned tasks. Still, I am not taking much time as expected toattend to myself. Seemingly, I am deeply involved in the dailyactivities that I get lost of the sight of the personal resources.

EvaluatingLeadership Roles

Thetheory that I will use in this case to explore the strengths of myleadership skills is the trait theory of leadership. According tothis theory, leadership is essentially based on the characteristicsand features harbored by many leaders both successful andunsuccessful (Colbert et al., 2012). This then infers that predictionof leadership effectiveness can be based on strengths and weaknessesof an individual as supported by the examination of the seven habitsof successful leaders. This theory is appropriate as the traits ofindividuals are compared to those of potential leaders and helps toassess the chances of success or failure in an organization.

Thisscholarly approach and theory have always attempted to identifyphysiological, demographic, personality, intellectual level,task-related and social characteristics (Colbert et al., 2012). Apartfrom the physiological and demographic traits, the rest are relevantto this study.

Successfulleaders are often known to have the right interests, abilities andpersonality traits that are perceived to be in a way or anotherdifferent from those of the less effective leaders. However, thetraits are not directly related rather the traits are significant aspreconditions to endow individuals with leadership potential.


Personalityaspect of the trait theory of leadership takes into consideration theaspect of self-confidence and aggressiveness of a person (Colbert etal., 2012). This is in synch with aspects of the first habit. I am ahighly proactive individual as required by this trait. I do not dwellin things that I may not change. My level of confidence allows me totake responsibility for my actions. The self-confidence in me allowsme.

Second,in exploring the social characteristics as taken into considerationin the trait theory of leadership, two principle areas are captured,and these include sociability and cooperativeness. These two help toexpound on my strengths in leadership. I have strong cooperationlevels and traits. I have always believed in embracing others andagree that competition among persons can assist in achieving a commongoal.

Additionally,I am a social person as I embrace others and appreciate theirweaknesses and strengths. The strong social ties that I harbor havealways ensured that I achieve synergy. I value the differences thatexist among us and use this difference for the benefit of all.


Inapplying the trait theory of leadership, I have had a weakness withtask-related trait as I have not been going out to get new ideasneither I am very creative. This has been one of my greatest weaknessand still working out to get challenging viewpoints from others as ameans of improving on this area. The other weakness that comes outclearly is poor problem-solving skills that I harbor. This is a traitthat I must not have been born with. The other weakness is theinability to apportion enough time to me and attend to pertinentissues that would help improve my person out of the normal duties.


Thereare several weaknesses that have been eminent from my personality,and one of them is poor solving problem skill (Goleman, Boyatzis &ampMcKee, 2013). Focusing on the trait theory of leadership, one way todevelop strong problem-solving skills has concentration on thesolution and not the problem itself. Normally, the brain may not bein a position to find solutions upon focusing on the problem. This ismainly because when the focus is on the problem then individuals areeffectively feeding negativity that in a way turn negative emotionsin the brain hence deterring potential solutions from being reached.

Havingan open mind will be instrumental in solving problems that arise. Ingetting the solutions, I will seek to get all the possible solutionsto the problems even if some may appear to be weird. An open mindhelps in boosting creative thinking that help realize potentialsolutions (Goleman, Boyatzis &amp McKee, 2013). Often, having noidea is a bad idea. Thinking laterally is highly encouraged in thetrait theory of leadership as this may help in changing the directionof one`s thoughts. This also entails looking at things in a new wayand flipping the objectives around for a solution.

Transcendingfrom the arguments, it is essential that I boost my creativity asthis is an area that I have scored minimally. There is a need for meto re-conceptualize the problem more often and through this, it isautomatic that I will reach a point where I can get to a task andhandle it creatively. Staying positive is an easy way to ensure thatI remain creative enough, during strong positive mood the bestcreative work is likely to happen. Creativity is at its best whenthere is a positive attitude.

Thetrait theory of leadership as used has helped in giving constructiveinformation concerning leadership. The application of this theory isnot limited to any organization. Pegging the seven habits ofleadership to this theory can be instrumental in evaluating theposition of the organization as well as that of an individual and howbest they can improve. The trait theory of leadership offers anin-depth understanding in the identity of persons. Through thetheory, one gets to understand the strengths and weaknesses that theyface and how best to develop the leadership qualities.

SmartGoals to Improve Leadership Practice

Often,SMART goals are designed in a manner that they are specific,motivational, attainable, and relevant to the case scenario and caneasily be tracked (Goleman, Boyatzis &amp McKee, 2013). For anindividual to decide what to achieve and how to measure them dependslargely on the specific goal of an individual. Often motivationarises when from designing of a goal that is excitable and allows aperson to get actively involved with the goals. A goal is oftenattainable when they are deemed challenging though not impossible fora person to achieve.

Havinga goal as relevant means that are assigning the goal to an individualwho has sufficient resources and expertise in achieving the goal andwhose job is to meet the specific goal (Goleman, Boyatzis &ampMcKee, 2013). For this case, sharpening my skills especially thepersonal development skills will ideally help me become a moreeffective leader. I will work to improve my skills within 1 year. Asuccessful leader ought to be open to change and is willing to growas an authority figure and an individual. It is, therefore,imperative that I work to improve my leadership skills so that I keepthe skill set properly aligned with the ever changing goals andpriorities in the field today.

Thefirst goal is improving the interpersonal skills. For me to be aneffective leader, then I must have good skills. Improvinginterpersonal skills will take place within 3 months. I believe I canachieve this and measure its achievement as I will test the variousachievements against performance yardstick within scholarly purview.I need to be in a position that allows the employees and colleaguesto feel comfortable in coming with problems that they have not in anyway intimidated or afraid of the reaction (Goleman, Boyatzis &ampMcKee, 2013). In developing this goal, I have to spend a considerableamount of time to ask and get opinions from colleagues and listeneven more carefully and get the viewpoint of every other person andultimately show respect to them. The colleagues will be in a positionto appreciate the little things like paying them for a compliment forthe work well done or even remembering the name of the person thatwas met just a few days ago.

Theother smart goal in pursuit of leadership skill is increasing ofknowledge. Normally, a good leader never stops learning and alwayswould want to improve their skill set. This will be assessed oncontinuous basis to gauge the level of knowledge. In doing so, I willconcentrate on making a list of the areas that I would like toimprove, and this includes acquiring a specific skill set or evenimproving the existing abilities that will help in becoming awell-rounded person that is considered valuable to the society. Inachieving this goal, I will seek to find out the various places thatI need to improve and even get the means and ways of obtaining theknowledge (Goleman, Boyatzis &amp McKee, 2013). Of interest willalso include attending industry-relevant conferences or even havingthe lunch and learn sessions in the office. Additionally, I would askfor extra assignments at work or even find a mentor. Subscribing toprofessional blogs is of great value as this can help in expandingthe knowledge and improving the job performance.


Avey,J. B., Wernsing, T. S., &amp Luthans, F. (2008). Can positiveemployees help positive organizational change? Impact ofpsychological capital and emotions on relevant attitudes andbehaviors.&nbspTheJournal of Applied Behavioral Science,&nbsp44(1),48-70.

Colbert,A. E., Judge, T. A., Choi, D., &amp Wang, G. (2012). Assessing thetrait theory of leadership using self and observer ratings ofpersonality: The mediating role of contributions to groupsuccess.&nbspTheLeadership Quarterly,23(4),670-685.

Goleman,D., Boyatzis, R., &amp McKee, A. (2013).&nbspPrimalleadership: Unleashing the power of emotional intelligence.Harvard Business Press.

Russell,R. F. (2001). The role of values in servant leadership.&nbspLeadership&amp Organization Development Journal,&nbsp22(2),76-84.