SOLUTION TO THE OVERPOPULATION IN BEIJING 8
Solutionto TheOverpopulation in Beijing
Solutionto TheOverpopulation in Beijing
Chinahas the highest human population in the world, with 1.3 billionpeople (China.org, 2015). Beijing is the capital of China, and ischaracterized by a high rate of population increase. With a limitedland mass to hold the growing population, the result of this numberis that the city ends up being over-populated. The result of theoverpopulation in Beijing is social, economic and health problems andissues in the human society (Wang, 1998). The current social andeconomic issues, surrounding Beijing can find their impact on thelevel of the population in the city. This paper is a continuation ofa previous submission regarding Beijing’s overpopulation problem.This paper highlights the need to solve the population situation inBeijing with a view of offering a solution to solve theoverpopulation problem.
Descriptionof the problem
Similarto other cities in the world, Beijing has an overpopulation problem.The main reason for the population influx is rural- urban migration.This is the migration that exists when people move from the ruralareas to major towns to look for jobs and a better life (McLeish,2009). In Beijing, the same problem arises, where people move fromrural China to the city in search for employment. Most youths move tothe capital of China with the prospects of finding better employmentopportunities (Green, 2008). Currently, the population of Beijing asthe city stands at 11.9 million. The population increase rate issomewhat alarming, which translates to around 500,000 people per year(Beijing Government, 2015). Overpopulation has put a strain onBeijing’s resources. The overpopulation problem of Beijing has ledto unforeseen Social, economic and health problems.
Onthe social platform, overpopulation has led to water shortage,environmental degradation, and security risks. Apparently, the watersupply system used in the 80’s is the one that supplies Beijingwith the same amount of water (Green, 2008). With the rise in demandfor the commodity, water rationing has become the definition ofBeijing. If the authorities do nothing to resuscitate the situation,every household may be forced to buy water from vendors in thefuture. The city is facing environmental degradation due tocontinuous littering and Carbon Dioxide emissions. The city expels400 tons of garbage every day (Beijing Government, 2015). For thecity to maintain the desired levels of cleanliness, it requires30,000 garbage collection personnel to work round the clock. Thiscould be an expensive venture in the making. Insecurity has reachedan all- time- high because large populations offer soft targets forcriminals.
Theleading economic problem is unemployment due to overpopulation (Karin& Agniezeska, 2003). Many people are immigrating to Beijing insearch of better jobs. The number of job seekers surpasses that ofavailable job opportunities. Transport problems have a negativeimpact on the economy. A lot of man hours are lost in traffic jams.Overcrowding also makes the streets almost impassable. Health risksassociated with overcrowding have affected Beijing. Diseases such astyphoid and cholera are endemic to Beijing. About a decade ago,Beijing was the capital of SARS- a dangerous airborne disease.
Importanceof the problem
Theproblems discussed above are affecting the society and therefore theneed to solve them. Diseases are a major blow to economic progress(Karin & Agniezeska, 2003). The number of hours lost in trafficjams could elevate the economic state of Beijing if well utilized.Environmental degradation is not something we can overlook. Soonafterwards, there will be no Beijing for the future generations. Itwill remain to be a ghost town. It is for these reasons that I thinkthe problems are important and therefore deserve a quick solutionbefore the crisis worsens.
Theone solution to Beijing’s overpopulation quagmire is the relocationof all the populations attracts to other parts of China (McLeish,2009). The government can ease the congestion in Beijing byredistributing its service- offering bodies within the province. Forinstance, the government can move its citizen registration servicesto another town within the province. This step redirects the numberof visitors who are after government services to other towns in theprovince.
Thegovernment and municipal authorities can relocate government-ownedeconomic activities in other parts of China, including the ruralareas (McLeish, 2009). The centralization of economic activities,such as manufacturing and construction is partly to blame forBeijing’s woes. Most youth will leave their rural towns and move toBeijing in search of greener pastures. Of course, some might end upnot getting employment. However, one thing remains for sure- they areattracted to Beijing because of its economic activities. If thegovernment decides to relocate some economic activities to ruralChina, it will reduce the rate of Rural- Urban migration andconsequently, the overall human population of Beijing.
Evidenceof the solution
InAugust this year, officials moved the municipal government and itscivil servants to a satellite town called Tongzhou (Government ofChina, 2015). It has been a custom for authorities to operate fromthe center of the city since the days of emperors in China. Themunicipality has over 30,000 civil servants. The number of peoplethat visit its offices in a day is about 700,000. This step meansthat the migration will rid the city of 700,000 (plus 30,000 civilservants) visitors daily (Government of China, 2015). The number ofgovernment job seekers in the city is also bound to go down becausethey will be following the offices to Tongzhou.
Comparisonwith other solutions
Analternative solution would be to entice business entities to move toother parts of China (Pellegrini, 2007). The government can do thisby awarding the tax holidays of some sorts. This solution would havebeen a tall order because these businesses thrive due to the largepopulation. No sane businessperson would agree to move to a town witha low population. The same action could be expensive to the municipalgovernment because it draws most of its revenue from taxing businessentities.
Thegovernment could also convert Beijing into a full 24- hour economy(Pellegrini, 2007). People seeking government services could visitthe city at night when it is less congested. This move would redirecthuman traffic to, be visiting Beijing at night. On the downside ofit, not many people are willing to interrupt their sleep just forgovernment services. It could also increase cases of insecuritywithin the city. This could be considered as For instance, it wouldbe too expensive for the government to build full-fledged offices inthe rural parts of China to ease the congestion on Beijing.Overpopulation continues to be a burden to the government. The highcost of maintaining people translates into losses for the government.
Rebuttalsof Counter- arguments
DecongestingBeijing may bring along, unforeseen adverse consequences. The economyof Beijing thrives on the overpopulation menace. Most of thebusinesses rely on human traffic for their income. If thedecongestion program works, the economy of Beijing could crumble(Tubilewicz, 2006). Businesses would have to shut down, the municipalgovernment could lose much revenue and Beijing could stop being oneof the world’s richest cities. As is the norm with other economichubs, the economy revolves around the people.
Thegovernment has built many social amenities to counter the populationincrease. For instance, there is twice the number of hospitals as itwas in 1990 (Tubilewicz, 2006). The government has also invested inschools and entertainment spots. The implementation of the proposedsolution will answer the concern of what will happen when thepopulation of Beijing continues to increase. However, critics wouldargue that the amenities will be underutilized since they cannot bemoved along with government offices. The predictable result is amassive retrenchment of people working in these underutilizedfacilities.
Inconclusion, the most appropriate solution to the Beijing’spopulation problems is relocation of economic and administrativeunits to other areas. While there are other solutions, some of themare too expensive to implement. Considering the immense economiccapability of Beijing, some of these solutions are achievable. If inthe government finally succeeds in decongesting Beijing, the citywill be a beautiful place to visit. Currently, most tourists shy awayfrom visiting Beijing due to overcrowding. However, nobody hasconsidered the possible effects of decongesting the city. Maybepeople are too pissed with the situation to consider leaving it asit. However, the high population is entirely responsible for theeconomic growth of Beijing as some businesses depends on the marketprovided by the high population
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