ShouldWe Eat GMO?
GeneticallyModified Organisms (GMOs) are used in the preparation of foods thatinclude the food crops and the animals. The ultimate product containsfoods and animals that are genetically modified from the originalone. There are various pros and cons of using the crops and theanimals for food. The advantages and the disadvantages vary from thehuman beings to the environment and also the ones associated with theseeds and the animals that are modified. About the benefits, they aremajorly associated with the organisms that are modified as well as tothe environment. The disadvantages majorly are associated with thehuman health on the consumption of the foods.
ThePros of GMO foods
TheGenetically Modified Organisms are made of the genetically improvedresources so as to improve the original organism (Songstad et al.119). The seeds that are produced through genetic modification areresistant to insects (Friedman19). Therefore, the seeds can be transported to longer distances andcan also be preserved for a longer period without being infested bythe insects. That way, the seeds can remain healthy for a relativelylonger period compared to the other seeds that are not geneticallyimproved. When the seeds are planted, the crops become more vigorousthan other crops. They are also able to survive adverse climaticconditions (Songstad et al. 119). They are not likely to be subjectedto failure since they can resist all the weather conditions. Thecrops, therefore, produce useful products as per the farmers`expectations.
Theplanted crops remain resistant to pests (Stead and Laird 446).Therefore, the farmers do not require using pesticides after plantingthe crops. The use of the GMO seeds does not require chemicals likethe fertilizers. The seeds can have the necessary nutrients, and theycan also release them to the soil and, therefore, there are no morechemicals required. According to the `GmosOr Not`(4), the planting requires a shorter period and there is less moneyrequired as an individual requires buying seeds only. The plantingprocess does not also require machines for the labour. The process isenvironmental friendly as there are no chemicals needed for thecrops. The use of pesticides and the greenhouse emit harmful gasesinto the environment.
TheCons of GMO foods
Thegenetically modified foods can cause allergies when consumed (Hackettand Carroll 1324). These foods have genetic enhancers that combine nutrients that arenot contained in the original organism with those in it. The resultis an allergic reaction to the human beings on consumption. When someprotein causing an allergic reaction is added to an organism, theorganism will cause an allergic reaction when it is consumed. In theyear 1997 to 1999 there were 3.4% children under 18 that had anallergic reaction to GMO foods in the United States. The percentageincreased to 5.1% in the year 2009 (Restivo and Peter 191). Theincrease was associated with the greater use of GMO foods. Therefore,consistent use of the genetically modified foods leads to increasedallergic reactions on human beings and more so on children born.
Thegenetically modified foods can also cause low resistance to theantibiotics (Kratz 60). When someone consumes the food, they may getto resist the antibiotics. The foods are modified such that they haveimmunity to various diseases the protection can cause a build-in inthe resistance to the antibiotics. The immunity enhancement may alsocause some resistance to other drugs. On the same note, the genes maybe transferred from one organism to the other. The genes may not onlybe transferred to the animals or the crops of the same geneticformation but also to the other organisms of different genetic make(Motta 1364).The plants can transfer herbicide resistance genes to the weeds. Theanimals can also move the pesticide resistance to the pests. Thetransfer of the genes may occur at the gene level, cell level, plantlevel as well as the ecosystem interaction level (Hackettand Carroll 1324).
Thegenetically modified organisms have their advantages as well as thedisadvantages. Considering that the foods can be grown and have goodproducts, they are paramount when it comes to the production basis.They can also resist adverse climatic condition and also be preservedfor long. They are also splendid when it comes to the cost of theiroutput. The pros of the GMOs are related to the production because oftheir production efficiency. They can also be used to the provisionof some nutrients in the cases of the malnutrition. However, theprimary use of the plants is not based on the commercial part. At theend of the production, there is the consumption.
Bythe use, the foods lead to a significant health challenge to thehuman health. Apart from the allergies, the people may becomeresistant to the antibiotics (Kratz 60). Allergies that are treatedusing the antibiotics may take longer periods to be cleared.Therefore, the individuals may be advised to avoid the consumption ofthe foods. The foods may, therefore, be produced in high quantities,but then the foods may be consumed at a low rate. Therefore, thefoods may not serve the primary purpose that they are meant to servewhich is the consumption. The foods also get produced for a majorlycommercial use only (Friedman19). The economic objective of the food crop production is asecondary importance of food production.
Thehealth challenge is not only confined on the allergies. The WorldHealth Organization (WHO) has proved that some of the chemicals usedin forming the Genetically Modified Organisms contain materials thatcan cause cancer (`GmosOr Not` 4).The health implication may cause an economic strain on citizens asthey seek the medical attention. As a result, the foods that arecheap in production may be expensive as they may make a state importcancer medication for the citizens.
Whenthere is a genetic transfer from the genetically modified organismsto other plants and animals of the same or a different species, theeffects of resistance makes it hard to use the necessary chemicals(Restivo and Peter 191). When the weeds become resistant toherbicides, they need a more hard labour for their removal. When theanimals become resistant to pesticides, it is difficult to treatthem. They may also die out of the diseases transferred by the pests.The death of livestock is a loss to the farmers.
Inconclusion, despite the advantages associated with the GMO foods,they should not be produced or consumed. The most important thing ina human race is to enhance good health. Therefore, anything that maycause an adverse effect on the health of the people should beavoided. The GMO foods are not an exception and, therefore, shouldnot be spared either. Their negatives seem to surpass theiradvantages hence they are not appropriate. The indigenous foods andthe naturally produced foods should be preferred instead of the GMOs.
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`GmosOr Not`. Chemistry& Industry75.20 (2011): 4-4.
Hackett,P., and D. Carroll. `Regulatory Hurdles For Agriculture Gmos`.Science347.6228 (2015): 1324-1324.
Motta,Renata. `Social Disputes over Gmos: An Overview`. SociologyCompass8.12 (2014): 1360-1376.
Kratz,René F. Botany for Dummies. Hoboken, N.J: Wiley Pub, 2011. Print.
Restivo,Sal P, and Peter H. Denton. Battleground Science and Technology.Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press, 2008. Print.
Songstad,David D, Jerry L. Hatfield, and D T. Tomes. Convergence of FoodSecurity, Energy Security and Sustainable Agriculture. , 2014. Print.
Stead,Selina M, and L M. Laird. Handbook of Salmon Farming. London:Springer, 2001. Print.