Sexualdysfunction is quite a common problem as it is estimated theforty-three percent of women and thirty-one percent of men experienceit. This is a problem that occur at any stage of the sexual responsecycle that prevent the couple or the individual from enjoying thesexual experience. Traditionally the sexual response cycle are theactivities that take part from the excitement to plateau, then orgasmand lastly resolution. Desire and arousal are stated as being part ofthe excitement stage (Courotis, 2013). However, despite the problembeing quite common it involves an area people are reluctant to talkabout, their sexual life. The dysfunction can be any persistentproblem associated with sex. The problems may include the lack ofdesire for sexual activity, difficulty in getting aroused, difficultyin reaching climax or having an orgasm and even pain during sex.
Theproblems may also serve as the types of sexual dysfunction. As theinclude desire disorders by which a person is not interested ordoesn’t have the sexual desire. Arousal disorders, this includesthe inability to become sexually aroused physically or excited duringsexual activity. Orgasm disorders, orgasm, is delayed or cannot beattained in these instances. Hence, the climax of sex is absent. Paindisorders, this is where a person experiences pain while havingintercourse.
Asseen earlier both men and women are affected by the sexualdysfunctions. However, it can also affect a person of any age.Although, it is commonly associated with the decline of heath broughtabout by aging making the people who are over 40 to be exposed to it.It is also expected to get more rampant as a person ages (Binik &Hall, 2014).
Symptomsof sexual dysfunction are easily noticed. A man may have an erectiledysfunction. This makes it hard for him to achieve or maintain anerection that is suitable for intercourse. He may also have aretarded orgasm. In which orgasm may be delayed or not present atall. Opposite to this, he may not be able to control the timing ofhis ejaculation. This is called premature ejaculation.
Fora woman, she may also lack or is unable to achieve orgasm. She maylack sufficient virginal lubrication before and during intercourse.She may tense up her virginal muscles and not be able to relax themto allow intercourse. The last two may contribute to pain during sex.
Bothmen and women as seen can lack the interest of sex activity. They maybe unable to get aroused. In addition, they both may experience painduring intercourse. Therefore, these symptoms are not special for acertain group but can occur across the gender (Kaplan, 2014).
Thecauses of sexual dysfunction may occur as physical and psychological.The physical relate to the condition of our bodies. Some of thephysical cause include medical conditions like neurologicaldisorders, heart and blood vessel (vascular) disease, hormonalimbalances, diabetes, chronic diseases such as liver or kidneyfailure, and drug abuse and alcoholism. Some prescription drugs canalso have a great impact on the sexual side of a person. These drugsare for example the anti-depressants. The psychological causes mayinclude relationship or marital problems, body image concerns,distress about sexual performance, feelings of guiltiness,depression, the effects of earlier sexual trauma and work-relatedstress and anxiety (Binik & Hall, 2014).
Thesexual dysfunction can luckily be treated. Some of the cause of thedysfunction can be reversed. The other mild dysfunctions that arecaused by factors such as fear, anxiety or stress are many timestreated through counselling, sexual education and improvement ofcommunication between partners. Therefore, for the dysfunctions to betreated the underlying psychological or physical causes must beidentified and corrected (Binik & Hall, 2014). This is donethrough treatment plans such as medication to improve sexualfunction, sex therapy this helps in identifying and solving sexualproblems using a trained person i.e. a sex therapist.
Oneof the major relevance of this topic is knowing that there is hope.That people suffering from this can actually be treated to enjoysexual intimacy. The knowledge of these dysfunctions also is of helpto anyone who suffers and can aid them in getting relief and a curefor their problem. In addition, a keen look at the topic can alsohelp in identifying why a person is experiencing or showing lowself-esteem. As people who suffer from these dysfunctions, many times show these character (Kaplan, 2014). This because of them feelingsexually inadequate. In addition, their unwillingness to discuss thetopic makes them suffer even more. Hence, the topic greatly relatesto the psychological functionality of a person as it discusses theissues that affect the core of a person, his or her sexuality.
Inconclusion, the topic is of great importance as it shares insights tohow sex can influence or be impacted on by other factors in people’slives. It enables a person to live a better live while encouragingcommunication between partners who are involved romantically as oneof the problem solvers. Hence, making people more open and enablethem to enjoy a sexually active life. This makes it very relevant toa person who is ready to help and assist people become more sexuallyintimate and enable them to enhance their self-image and worth(Courotis, 2013).
Courotis,F. J. (2013). Sexualdysfunctions: Risk factors, psychological impact and treatmentoptions.
Kaplan,H. S. (2014). SexualAversion And Sexual Phobias And Panic Disorders.Hoboken: Taylor and Francis.
InBinik, Y. M., & In Hall, K. S. K. (2014). Principlesand practice of sex therapy