RHETORICAL STANCE 6
Inthe book, “The,”it is argued that the instruction of writing is not effective sincestudents are not directed in a way that they should have a clearrhetorical stance, which is purposeful as argued by Wayne Booth. Healso says that these students are taught that for each piece ofwriting, that they write they should have a rhetorical stance, andthis rhetorical stance should encompasses the audience, which it ismeant for and it should be a source of interest to the audience. Theabove should be through the subject it entails and the appropriatetone as well as the voice in a bid to make the writing moreinteresting to read as well as write and in the same way to make thewriting more effective.
WayneBooth shows his approach to this essay by directing it specificallyto teachers who deal with the skills of writing since he depicts hisexperiences in the field through usage of the first person to showhis personal commitment. He also uses examples to show how mostwriters he knows learned how to be good writers due to one principleas well as one instructor that made the principles to be more vividto them. Wayne Booth additionally has a belief in one element, whichis common but lacks from the instructions of writing which is the and to him it is very effective when it comes toboth reading and writing since it creates more interest to theaudience. He gives clarification of the rhetorical stance using threecorruptions. The first one is known as Pedant Stance. In this, thewriter, moreover, focuses on one subject wholly and he ignores theaudience. The other is Advertiser’s Stance.
Inthis, the writer aims at pleasing his audience before even focusingon his topic. Thirdly is Entertainer’s Stance. Here, the writerfocuses more on creating an engaging persona thereby neglecting theaudience as well as the subject. He claims that if the writer speaksdirectly to a set of audience, which is targeted, no subject isconsidered dull and if the writer shows the command of his subject,he thereby shows his passion for this same subject. Nevertheless,instructors can make dull the aspects of rhetoric, which areconsidered interesting and vital if the rules of rhetoric are putmore weight upon in a bid to help writers communicate to the audiencein a persuasive manner. Similarly, he brings a challenge to theinstructors to improve their writing in a bid to teach the society aswell as students the rhetoric stance. In terms of abilities, talentsor mental skills, which we call intelligence is what as a belief thecompetence of human beings is known.
However,in 1993, when Gardner Howard wrote this essay, the people who alsoshowed esteem to those who could do logical mathematics focused moreattention on the linguistic as well as the logical-mathematicalintelligence (Cockcroft, & Palgrave Connect (Online service),2003). Moreover, Gardner proposes a new view concerning intelligence,which is in the school curriculum and was an input to the schoolcurriculum rapidly. He also expounds the intelligence concept, whichis inclusive to areas like music, relations that are special, as wellas, knowledge which cans be either interpersonal or intrapersonal andthis was done after Alfred Binet came up with an only indicator usedto measure the intelligence, which was not temporary but permanent,and this indicator was IQ devised. From Howard’s book entitled,“MultipleIntelligence,”the theory of 1993 was what he proposed that there were sevendistinct intelligences. In a bid to show this he wrote two pages ofhis essay to tell a story showing something was not right as a way oftrying to bring out a way of communication for public readers ormodern leaders.
Hisessay had a simple language and its structure was brief to satisfyeffectively his aim of bringing a way of communication to publicreaders. In his essay, he hides the details, which were to show howhis return was done (Ulman, 1994). He therefore is introducing thetheme of human intelligence to the public. The structure of thisessay has an intriguing feature where Garner lists seven types ofintelligence, which differ and are parallel in structure. He explainseach kind of intelligence to be possible with the same structure,which is exact and this is from the intelligence, which is musical tothat which is intrapersonal. He commences with a narrative about aboy of three years of age who is very intrigued with the violin andthe sound coming from it and at the age of ten, he became aninternational violin. The author also explains the nature and detailsof intelligence. In addition to that certain parts of the human brainwere constantly mentioned to show that the intelligence was eitherlocated or localized hence he can make sure that each intelligence isthe basic unit of the intelligence in human beings.
Throughhis writing, readers are given an opportunity to understand easilywhat Garner’s essay is all about and they learn how to classifyintelligence vividly. Garner begins his essay with a story ofstudents who are eleven years old and through this narrative, heexplains that the intelligence present in human beings can only bedescribed as either logical or logical-linguistic capacities. WayneBooth who is a writer is willing to bring a revolution to the art ofwriting through his fight to make other writers be aware of their artof writing, and how to make the audience to have an interest in theirwriting using the rhetorical stance. With the idea of Alfred Binet ofmeasuring the intelligence of a human being through an IQ devise, ithas brought change in how people view intelligence through the essayby Howard Gardner in 1993 which showed how interpersonal intelligenceand intrapersonal intelligence correlate. Gardner also showed thedifference between located and localized intelligence and how theyare related and how each of them works (Gardner, 2013). Therhetorical stance however can make a great guideline especially whenone is writing piecework, which is rhetorical.
Thepedant stance, entertainer’s stance as well as the advertiser’sstance makes a good point in Wayne Booth’s essay. This shows thatif a writer does not follow up the three stances mentioned in hispiece, it will not be successful (Hunter & Lynette, 1999).Nevertheless, the rhetorical paper focuses more on the messageconveyed to the reader, and it makes writing coherent since thereader is interested in reading that piece of art. In addition, whenthe writer is writing is successful and the audience is involved dueto its exciting nature for the great and interesting piece the writerhas written just like the book the rhetorical stance. Just like WayneBooth’s view of the book the rhetorical stance the rhetorical twistin it makes it, more loved, and makes it among the most selling booksin this world.
Cockcroft,R., & Palgrave Connect (Online service). (2003). Rhetoricalaffect in early modern writing: Renaissance passions reconsidered.New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Gardner,L. (2013). Rhetorical investigations: G.B. Vico and C.G. Jung.
Hunter$ Lynette.( 1999. ) Critiques of Knowing: Situated Textualities inScience, Computing, and the Arts. London: Routledge, Internetresource.
Ulman,H. L. (1994). Things, thoughts, words, and actions: The problem oflanguage in late eighteenth-century British rhetorical theory.Carbondale, Ill: Southern Illinois University Press.