Respiratory Issues Complicated by Economic Disadvantage


RespiratoryIssues Complicated by Economic Disadvantage

Introduction:Case Study

There is a close association between health and socio-economicdisadvantage. According to Bernstein &amp Levy (2014), the mechanismby which socio-economic status impact on the health status is variedand complex. The association is not straightforward and is influencedby many factors, which include unavailability of resources, income,and access to the health facility and services (Glassner &amp Kim,2011). The paper, therefore, will focus on a case study of a motherand her 8-year-old Asthmatic child not able to access propermedication because of their economic difficulties. From the casestudy, the paper will also focus on some of the resources currentlyavailable in the state of Illinois to support the Asthmatic child.The sources will include pharmaceutic treatment agents and programsfor health care costs. In addition, the paper will establish acommunication plan for both the mother and child to be used fortherapies on the prescriptive and non-prescriptive drug.

Resourcesin the State of Illinois

Following the enactment of the Affordable Care Act, the state ofIllinois have benefited with some of the resources that would beuseful in the treatment of the Asthmatic child (Thompson, 2015).These resources include children registering for Illinois` affordablehealth insurance programs. The program does not require any money forregistration following the act. The mother and her 8-year-old willbenefit from the resource after registering because it is free andefficient. Glassner &amp Kim (2011) noted that for freetransportation to guarantee mother and child visits to the clinic,the Illinois Department of Human Services has ambulances and hiredvans that are stationed in the region.

Other resources in the state include the Illinois Department of HumanServices, which have services like the health care portal for allchildren. The 8-year Asthmatic child will benefit from the resourcethrough family case management. The resource like the Women Infantsand Children (WIC) program ensures services are provided for free topregnant women, infants, and those children with potentiallyhigh-risk medical conditions like Asthma (Thompson, 2015). Asthma,according to Glassner &amp Kim (2011), is partly caused by the stateof living conditions. In the state of Illinois, there are other areaswith poor living conditions, and thus the issue has been identifiedas a possible mother and child predicament.

The Illinois State has support groups that give out brochures tomothers to assist in further explanation of the disease. Thesesupport groups include Illinois Women Empowerment and IllinoisInformation Services. The brochures are made available once a week attheir centers, which emphasizes that every mother be well-informedabout various diseases that hails their children, including Asthma(Bernstein &amp Levy, 2014). The same support groups also offerassistance to Illinois mothers when it comes to food. In thebrochures distributed to the mothers, the foods offered are detailedas part of the services that the group give, which include awell-balanced foods to give the children nourishment. The transportprogram made available in Illinois is known as Illinois TransportEnhancement Program.

There are assistance programs for all heath care costs follow-up thatwould benefit the Asthmatic child. One of the programs offered by theIllinois Human Services Department includes Illinois Link CardPrograms, whose mandate involves the uninsured children facingsocio-economic difficulties, child immunization, assessment, andscreening. (Rathus, 2013). Another program is the SpecialSupplemental Nutritional Program, which guarantees all children acomprehensive and quality health care that includes hospital stays,doctor`s visit, vision care, prescription drugs, and asthma inhalers.By contacting the health services, the mother of the 8-year-old willbe required to access DHS Family Community Resource Center to getmore information on the same.

The pharmaceutical agents in Illinois are mainly fund in the &quotStatePharmaceutical Assistance Program.&quot According to Illinois(2012), the state of Illinois first authorized and carried out directsubsidy between 2001 and 2006. It began with pharmaceuticalassistance program, which was targeted at low-income families andpersons with chronic conditions. The Illinois State currently hasother subsidy programs, which is termed as the &quotSPAPs.&quot Theprogram is state funded and is free to a family with socio-economicchallenges (Rathus, 2013). From the case study, the programsperfectly suit the current situation of both the mother her child. Byaccessing one of the programs, the Asthmatic will be able to accessthe right medication without the mother having to worry about thecosts.


Certain medications have mind-altering (psychoactive) properties,and as a result, are often abused – that is, it is taken for allthe wrong reasons or in amounts or ways not intended by the doctor.They can also be taken by a totally different person from whom it wasprescribed. According to Aday (2011), prescription drug therapies aremeant to reduce costs and improve outcomes. This is because whenthere is a better outcome in health care, increased costs are felt.

In the case study, the mother of the child could have had burden whenpaying for the treatment of her child, which could in turn have anegative results. The mother may also be given non-prescriptiontherapies, which could also cause serious health problems to thechild. The mother and child, therefore, require a communication planto avoid all the potential health difficulties through prescriptionand non-prescription therapies.

Prescription drug therapies: Target Audience: The audience isthe mother and the child. As part of the prescription drug therapies,the mother will be informed prior on the caution to be taken whenhandling prescribed drugs.

Budget: The budget is non-disclosed to the mother since the Illinoishealth programs are labelled free.

Timeline: Prescription drug therapies carried out on the childinclude a period of not less than two weeks including constantfrequent checkups by the doctor.

Budget: The budget is non-disclosed to the mother since the Illinoishealth programs are labelled free.

Responsible Persons: The responsible persons are both the doctor andthe mother of the child. This is because the mother is informed aboutbeing conscious of the child’s new development, while the doctor isheld liable to the prescription of the drugs.

Evaluation Measures: The mother will be informed of these followingany new improvements on the child.

Non-Prescription drug therapies: Target Audience: The playersare also both the mother and the child.

Budget: The budget is influenced by over-the-counter labels.

Timeline: The mother should pay attention to the labels of the drugs.

Responsible Persons: The chemist and the mother are held responsibledepending on the improvement of the child

Evaluation measures: Constant checkups on the child.


Thecondition of the child will be improved if the mother would visit orenroll in one of the programs and facilities in the Illinois area.Following the communication plan above, the mother will bewell-informed on the child’s new developments and thus know whatactions to take.


Aday, L. A. (2011). At risk in America: The health and health careneeds of vulnerable populations in the United States. SanFrancisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers.

Bernstein, J. A., &amp Levy, M. L. (2014). Clinical asthma:Theory and practice. Boca Raton: CRC/Taylor and Francis.

Glassner, J. A., &amp Kim, J. (2011). Assessing the relationshipsbetween household mold exposure and asthma status in childrennationwide sampled by the 2003 national asthma survey. Urbana,IL: University of Illinois.

Illinois (2012). Maternal &amp child health programs.Springfield, Ill.: Illinois Dept. of Human Services.

Rathus, S. A.(2013). Childhood: Voyages in development. s.l.: Wadsworth.

Thompson, T. (2015). The Affordable Care Act. FarmingtonHills, Washington: Greenhaven Press