Psychologyin Everyday Life
Psychologyin Everyday Life
Inthe contemporary world, every time psychology is mentioned, to amajority of people the first thing that comes to mind is ‘mentalillness’. Terms such as psychoanalysis have become a common featurein daily discourse in various platforms (Taylor, 2003). The media hasalways presented psychologists as experts who are trained to handledeviant individuals in the society. Many people are not aware thatpsychology encompasses numerous aspects covering almost all aspectsof life. In the last 100 years, psychology has significantly expandedand grown beyond the realms that its pioneers even imagined (Levant,2012). In this journey psychology has yielded research basedfunctions for practically all element of human undertaking.Psychology has produced crucial. It is difficult to find a facet ofhuman activity where psychology does not have application. Inaddition, the scope of psychological practice is growing andexpanding into new fields, including in realms such as healthpsychology where the it is becoming more and more difficult tohighlight the distinction between applied scientists and professionalpractitioner (Levant,2012).
Self-Efficacyand Perception of Environment
Everyperson regardless of the prevailing environment has uniqueperspective of life. This perception is based on the individualinterpretation of two main interactive elements the environment andthe individual’s subjective construal of the surrounding (Bart etal.2011). It is this construal of the environment that impacts anindividual’s mental, emotional and physical health. The manner inwhich individuals perceive their environment shapes the manner inwhich information in received and this has immense influence on thehow one responds to the surrounding (Gieseking etal.2014). This is an important aspect for a person to know theirenvironment. On the other hand, the direct sensory experiencestogether with the memories held are important element inunderstanding the environment. This is what constitutes cognition inpsychology. Many scholars have treated perception and cognition asdifferent faculties, but in this work will challenge that divergence.Numerous psychological studies of cognition and perception strive toexplicate how human beings establish, organize and interpretinformation acquired from the environment through our senses(Gieseking etal.2014).
Numerousstudies and experiment by designers and other artists have alsohighlighted the way that human beings attach meaning to specificspaces and places (Gieseking etal.2014). Some branches of psychology such as ecological psychology haveshown that human and their surrounding are produced in relation withone another. In this light, knowledge and experience are perceived tointerplay between the surrounding and the individual Bart etal.2011). This means that specific situations and places yieldparticular knowledge and experiences. This also means that pastexperiences shade understanding and make it possible for individualsto recognize various aspects in the environment and react in specificways.
Bartetal.(2011) stated that psychology is a study that needs scientificresearch on human mind, behavior and brain processes. This means thata comprehensive study the dynamics of the situations whereindividuals operate with interests, perceptions, values andobjectives that are incongruent with positive emotional and mentalhealth and stress in necessary.
Efficacyis defined as an individual belief in their prowess, aptitude andcapacity to generate selected levels of performance that apply thecontrol over events that affect their lives (Bandura, 2004). Thesebeliefs are important because they shape the way that we interpret,understand and respond to the various events in our environment(Bandura, 2004). Self-efficacy beliefs shape the way that individualsthink, feel, and conduct themselves. These beliefs also yield diverseeffects through for main processes: selection process, cognitive,affective and motivational processes (Bandura, 2004).
Asound judgment of efficacy boosts human accomplishment and personalwell-being in diverse ways. Individual, who posses high assurance inthe capacity and capabilities, approach challenging events andsituation in a calm manner (seek to master it) instead of treating itas a threat that should be evaded (Bandura, 2004). Such an approachto life events enhances inherent awareness and deep inclination toactivities. This is what makes it possible for some people to setchallenging goals and keep up strong devotion to attain them.
Allhuman being irrespective of the events taking place in thesurrounding environment has unique view of life. This perception ishugely shaped by efficacy (Gieseking etal.2014). This means that the two main elements that influence humanperception individual construal of environment and interpretation ofevents in the environment, also affect efficacy. The way that thewhole process unfolds affects an individual emotional, physical andmental health (Bart etal.2011). The way that a person construes events in the environmentencompasses the unique assessment of the surrounding and individual’sevaluation of aptitude and capacity to cope with the prevailingsituation (challenge, threat or activities0 in the environment (Bartetal.2011).
Abilityand inability to cope with prevailing events in the environment canhave profound mental and physical events in a n individual (Bart etal.2011). Many psychologists have documented the events that can lead tothe inability to solve problems and cope with prevailing events inthe environment, but there is scant research on how ability to cope(handle emotions and physical pressure) affects human health(Gieseking etal.2014). For example, some individual opts to abuse drugs as a copingmechanism, meant to avoid a subjectively perceived hopeless lifeevent. In the long run, this will have profound and mentalramifications on such a person. Nonetheless, what happens toindividuals who have the aptitude, capacity and efficacy to cope withevents in the environment? Does the possession of such capabilityaffect mental and physical health in any way? Both individuals have asound awareness of their internal processes and prevailing events inthe surrounding, and as such if the inability to cope with events canlead people to substance abuse and cause mental and physical healthproblem, does the ability to cope means there are no effects on themental and physical predisposition of a person.
Psychologicalfactors have an immense influence on the physical health of anindividual. For example, in the western societies many people dependon short-term focus on objective outcomes. Such events, when combinedwith other life stressors, have the flair to damage physical health(Bart etal.2011).
Whena person operates with values, interest, goals and perceptions thatare incongruent with mental, physical and emotional health, thecapacity to cope with the events taking places in the environment isdegraded, and depression, stress, and other mental conditions canalways occur. In my research, I will seek to establish howindividuals interpret life events and experiences, as well as,emotional experiences and mental processes that take place todetermine the health outcome. In this pursuit a model the linkpsychology and physical health shall be employed, to illustrate thedynamics that take place within a person.
Thispaper will look at the mental processes and psychological experiencesinterplay when individuals are subjected to events that consistentlyactivate the sympathetic nervous system. It is evident thatsubjective experiences have a profound influence on the mental andphysical health of an individual. In this light, ensuring the rightbalance between psychological health and physical health is verycrucial (Wallace, 2004).
Bandura,A. (2004). Self-efficacy. In V. S. Ramachaudran (Ed.), Encyclopediaof human behavior, Vol. 4, pp. 71-81.New York: Academic Press.
BartL. W., Christopher J. L. Cunningham, B. J. & Michael D. (2011).BidermanApplied.Cambridge Scholars Publishing. Retrieved:http://www.cambridgescholars.com/download/sample/57844
Gieseking,J. & Mangold, W., Katz, C., Low, S. & Saeger, S.(2014).Human Perception and Environmental Experience. ThePeople, Place and Space Reader.Retrieved from: Retrieved from:http://peopleplacespace.org/toc/section-2/
Levant,R.F. (2012). GoBoldly Forth! Making Psychology a Household Word.Retrieved from:http://www.apadivisions.org/division-31/publications/articles/individual/levant-household.pdf
Taylor,S. E. (2003). HealthPsychology (5th ed.).New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
Wallace,B. A. (2004). TheFour Immeasurables: Cultivating a boundless heart(Rev. ed.). Ithaca, NY: Snow Lion.