Personality isdescribed as the characteristics or qualities of an individual thatmakes him a unique being. MBTI assessment provides a way ofdetermining one’s personality. Knowing your personality enable youdistinguish yourself from others and appreciate them for the rolethey are playing in your life. Understanding your personality enablesyou to contribute to the area you are involved effectively. This isbecause understanding personality enables a person to respond tocircumstances appropriately. When you know your personality, it ispossible to develop acceptance for yourself and appreciate your life,needs, and other factors that constitute your life. The life of humanbeings is a social one since it consist of relationships with peoplearound them. Each personality has his/her personality, strength, andpotential blinds spots, which allow them to have a variety ofthinking for the various activities they involve. Understanding yourand another person’s personality enhances your chances ofdiscerning the viewpoints you miss but is complemented by the other.
The fourcategories of MBTI assessment include the following
How a person directs and receive energy
How a person takes in information
How a person makes decisions and come to conclusion
In the firstcategory, personality is described regarding extraversion orintroversion. Extroverts concentrate their energy on the outsideworld where they interact and develop relationships with others. Theyare ready to welcome activities and discussions where they activelyparticipate. Introverts tend to concentrate their energy on theirinner world, and their ideas and experience motivate them. Theirparticipation in activities and discussions is minimal. Relatively,they create few relationships with others that they value. The secondcategory bases on sensing and intuition. Sensing enables a person tomake use of his/her five senses when taking in information that isreal and tangible, and base mainly on what they perceive. Inintuition, a person takes in the information they see and concentrateon the patterns ad interrelationships they perceive. The thirdcategory describes a person’s personality based on thinking andfeeling. Those who base on thinking make their decisions, andconclusions use logic, accuracy and truth. However, those who mainlyengage feeling, make their decisions based on the personal and socialvalues. How a person approaches the outside world, the fourthcategory, is divided into judging and perceiving. Those who base onjudging make conclusions quickly and usually have an organizedapproach to their environment. Perceiving involves gathering moreinformation before making conclusions and take a flexible approach tothe world.
There are 16possible personality types based on the four preferences. A personcan find one of the 16 possible personalities fitting him/her.However, the reported type of personality may not be the person’spersonality due to some circumstance in life. Erroneous andinappropriate understanding of the personality type characterized theassessment. The test questions are simple and hence view the theoryto be simple, static and not dynamic.
The emphasis ofJung theory is on each aspect of a persons’ personality which mustbe equally represented. Therefore, each part of a person’spersonality should be expressed in a way that produces two basicorientations of the person’s ego. For example, one of theorientations is concerned with the external world (extroversion) andthe other with the inner world (introversion) (Corey, G. (2009). Fora person to be psychologically healthy, both of orientations shouldbe present and balanced. Individuals must be able to deal with theirexternal world without neglecting to deal with their inner feelingsand values. However, people may concentrate of on one orientation atthe expense of the other and are therefore classified as extrovertsor introverts. Personality assessment of MBTI is similar to theJung’s theory of personality development as both have twoorientations. MBTI assessment borrows the Jung’s ideas ofperception and judgment, and extraversion and introversion. The aimof both MBTI instrument and Jung’s theory is to enable one toindividuation and primary goal.
The Adleriantheory of personality provides evidence-based therapy that emphasizesthe importance of social forces in the life of a person. In thiscase, the child is disobedient, temperamental and bullies theirsiblings. The treatment plan will be as follows
Develop a working counseling relationship with the child using relationship-building approach
Assess the child’s individual, systemic and cultural dynamics
Identify the strategy that best suit the cultural interest of the parents of the child
Identify the needed referrals and issues of the client through crisis assessment intervention
Decrease insecurity of the child that lead to the reported behaviors through psychoeducation to help the child manage the reported behavior. This is done in conjunction with encouragement to follow through with new response of the child to feelings of the signal crisis
Decrease the tendency of the child to value himself through psychoeducation to correct the basic mistakes of the child
Decreasing the tendency of the child to avoid life tasks and social connections with his siblings through anti-suggestion techniques and interpretation of behaviors important for their social life
Monitor the progress of the child towards the goals of counseling through assessment intervention
Develop aftercare plan
Adlerian Individual Therapy And Counseling Theory, retrieved fromhttp://www.drgehart.com/page13/page21/files/Ch.%205%20Adlerian%20Handouts.pdfon 28 November 2015
Adler-Tapia, R. (2012). Child psychotherapy: Integratingdevelopmental theory into clinical practice. New York: SpringerPub. Co.
Corey, G. (2009). Theory and practice of counseling andpsychotherapy. Belmont, CA: Thomson Brooks/Cole.
My MBTI® Results, retrieved fromhttp://www.myersbriggs.org/my-mbti-personality-type/my-mbti-results/on 28 November 2015