OsakaKobe as a Megacity and Issues Affecting the City
OsakaKobe as a Megacity and Issues Affecting the City
Theleading and superpowers countries have employed the urbanization andcivilization of the cities in their countries to boost their economythese cities are referred to as megacities. Megacities house someadministrative offices and are the economy pivot of the country.However, due to urbanization and industrialization these cities facesome problems either due to their size or due to their highpopulation. Some of the problems that these cities face include
Pollution – this may be air, water or sound pollution that is caused by the numerous industries and vehicles.
Poor urban planning – this is caused by an increase in population and other economic factors.
The increase in crime rates that is contributed to a rise in unemployment cases and high dependency ratio.
Pressure on the available resources such as infrastructure, schools, hospitals, and other social amenities.
Flooding due to heavy rains
Theseand other minor problems that are experienced in the cities cause alot of disturbances, and if correct measures are not put in place,they may affect the economy of the whole country. In this researchpaper, we shall discuss Osaka-Kobe city that is in Japan, some of itfunctions and major problems affecting the city and various measuresthat can be put in place to curb these issues.
Osaka-Kobeis the third largest town in Japan. It is the second most majormetropolitan area in Japan and among the most famous in the world.The city has an approximate of about 20 million people, who areevenly distributed in the downtown and uptown. The city isgeographically situated at the mouth of River Yodo on Osaka Bay.Osaka- Kobe serves as an important economic pivot in Japan and iscommonly referred as the “nation’s kitchen” because it servedas the centre for the rice trading during the Edo period back in1496. The city houses serve different purposes for instance, someare for business while others are administrative offices.
Industrializationand urbanization can be termed as the source of problems in Osaka=Kobe. Through urbanization and industrialization, some industrieshave been established to satisfy the needs of the growing population.Some of these industries include textile industries, food processingindustries, and motor assembly industries, among others.Unfortunately, these industries have increased the emission ofanthropogenic particles and impurities thus, causing heavy airpollution. The impurities that mainly contain gasses and dust emittedfrom industries and vehicles contribute to increasing theconcentration of Particle Matters (PM) in the atmosphere. The PMcomprises of yellow dust (aerosols) that are responsible for numerousphotochemical reactions, especially during summers. The increase inair pollution in Osaka has caused some problems among the problemsare respiratory disorders that cause diseases as lung and heartdisorders. The second effect of air pollution is its impact on theEarth’s radiation balance, which contributes to chemical reactionsin the atmosphere, and in return leads to altering the chemicalcomposition of the atmosphere. Earth radiation has a negative impacton the environment and climate. If the pollution is not controlled,it may lead to climatic changes that are already being experienced inOsaka.
Inspite of the numerous benefits contributed by industrialization andurbanization, there are some problems associated with this viralgrowth of a town. The rural to urban migration that is contributed bythe search of employment and access to social amenities have led tohigh population in the cities causing overcrowding, thus havecontributed to some effects, and among them are increasing in thecrime rate. The crime rate that is contributed by unemployment hasforced citizens to source for other means of revenue generations.Unfortunately, some of them are illegal means such as robbery,prostitution, drug and substance abuse and murder cases, these andother instances are common with the youths and the unemployed. Thesecrime cases have made Osaka prone to insecurity cases, and this inreturn scares away prospective investors in the country thus,affecting the general economy of the state. However, the governmentof Japan have put in measures to curb the rise in crime rates to savethe country’s economy. Some of these efforts include
Providing cheap and soft loans to enable the youths to start a business of their own.
Establishing rehabilitation programs that will help the drug addicts.
Initiating programs that would create employment opportunities.
Initiating youth programs that will empower youths.
Anotherissue in the Osaka is pressure on the available social amenities andresources. These facilities include infrastructure, medical andhealth services. Due to high population, there is pressure on theseresources that makes the government to strain in providing extraresources to the citizens. An example, the traffic jams on the mainroads of Osaka City, mainly in the morning and evening duecongestion. This has an adverse impact on the economy of Japan. Inaddition, it portrays a bad image of the city and this may in returnscare away investors. Finally, finances used to provide otherfacilities that could have been used to develop other sectors go onto waste thus creating a stagnant situation to the economy.
Anotherissue in Osaka is on the high cost of housing prices, this is commoneven in other cities apart from the Osaka, and this is significantlycontributed by rural-urban migration. The migration is fuelled by thesearch for employment opportunities and as a result, this causesurban sprawl. Because of increase in population the cost of housinggoes up due to the demand for housing services. This is a challengeto the low-income earners since little is left of saving. Similarly,because of high population, slums start to develop in the downtown.As a result, there is the spread of communicable diseases, anincrease in crime rates, among others issues. Besides, slums portraya bad image of the city, and the government is forced to spend extraexpenses in eradicating the slums and trying to help the slumconditions.
Agingis an issue affecting all countries cutting across which has alsobecome common even to other developed and developing countries. Thedemographic transition trend varies from one country to anotherhowever, the rise in aging population increases dependency ratio ofthe labour force. Also, with the aging population, there is demandfor special attentions on policy and decision making on certainissues, which affects the economy of the state directly and have anadverse impact. Another impact of the aging population is lowpopulation growth that is characterized in the economy. Osaka isexperiencing this challenge. Since the fertility of the agingpopulation has decreased, the population decreases with time. Throughthis, Osaka is experiencing an issue on underutilization ofresources. This eventually leads to poverty among people living inthe city. However, Japan government is putting in some measures thataid in curbing with the issue of aging population. For instance,
The government is initiating programs that support the elderly.
The government is financially supporting older persons and, therefore, enabling them to cater self-needs.
The government is considering policies and decisions especially on sensitive issues that affect the elderly.
Throughthe impacts of elderly population, Osaka is slowly eliminating theproblem of aging population.
Lastly,flooding is a common problem in Osaka. It is occasionally affected byheavy floods caused by heavy rainfall and discharge from the YodoRiver. These occasional flooding has been contributed by climaticchanges caused by global warming. Flooding causes eviction ofindividuals from affected areas and this is an expensive exercise tothe government. Secondly, flooding causes mass destruction ofproperty and loss of lives this is a great loss to both individualsand the government. Lastly, flooding affects the economy of Osakathis may scare away prospective investors and thus causing slowgrowth to the economy of the state.
Inconclusion, the growth of towns and cities has positive impacts onthe state. Correspondingly, these positive effects have a significantinfluence on the economy of the country. However, the cities andtowns have negative consequences too these impacts affect thestate’s economy either directly or indirectly. In contrary, theseeffects can be controlled if correct measures are put in place.Therefore, this calls for government to act accordingly to deal withsuch situations.