NewEngland Colonial Education
NewEngland colonial education entailed reading, writing, simplearithmetic, poems, and prayers. Due to the scarcity of paper andschoolbook, the students recited their tutorials until they were ableto memorize them. The Bible, a ubiquitous primer, and a hornbook werethe most common books, and as the children grew older, they wereprepared for their ultimate roles in plantation life (Ebert andCuyler). Boys could start reading more advanced academic subjectswhile the girls were prepared to engage the functions of a plantationmistress. Boys would be taught advanced arithmetic, Greek, Latin,science, geography, celestial navigation, history, public etiquette,as well as how to manage plantations management. On the other hand,girls were taught music and art, how to read and write and calculatebasic household expenses. They were also taught needlecraft,spinning, knitting, cooking, along with nursing (Keene).
Onlywhite students were taught with boys from upper-class families beingtaught at home by male tutors and then sent to colleges oruniversities. Boys from the middle class, who included merchants,clerics, doctors and lawyers, attended the same elementary andgrammar schools and only occasionally would they go to college. InEngland, the boys would in most cases study law or medicine. Girls,on the other hand, were not given the opportunity to go to Englandfor higher education since it was not deemed to be important forthem.
Childrenfrom poor families and indentured servants did not receive any formaland instead engaged in apprenticeships as a way of giving them skillsthat would assist them to survive and live in the colonies. Slavesreceived no education and in some colonies slaves were prohibited bylaw to learn how to read and write.
Ebert,Edward S, and Richard C Culyer. School.Belmont, OH: Thomson Wadsworth, 2007. Print.
Keene,James A. AHistory Of Music Education In The United States.Hanover [N.H.]: University Press of New England, 2010. Print.