Sorge,(2002) defines organization as a purposeful system or unit of peoplewhich is structured and managed to achieve certain set goals throughlabour division and coordination of activities. Organizations consistof management structure that determines relations of activities andthe members such as roles, responsibilities and authorities incarrying out organizational activities.
Organizationalbehaviour on the other hand examines the impact of behaviours ofindividuals, groups and structure (Wagner, 2010). Sorge, (2002) alsodefines organizational behaviour as the study and application ofknowledge about how people act within organization.
Thereare various problems associated with the organizational behaviouraccording to Wagner, (2002) such as individual differences whichinvolves people having differences with each other and behavingdifferently under similar conditions. Therefore, managers shouldtreat employees differently and realize workers are different fromeach other.
Individualsshould also be considered as whole person. Managers should alwaysrealize employees have wants and needs which should be addressedaccordingly. Employees should interact with others and noted thatbehaviour of one individual may influence behaviour of others.Motivation should also be considered where managers respect theiremployees and get respect in return. When employees are motivatedthrough respect, they will tend to have a positive attitude towardsachieving organizational goals.
Anotherconcept is human dignity where junior or senior employees or even theC.E.O needs to be treated with dignity and respect. When employeesare treated with dignity, there is high return on output andemployees feel part of the organization. Other concepts will includeemployee mistreatments, leadership, motivation and sexual harassment.
Tosolve these problems, the following theories will be investigated inthe study. They include first, contingency theory which states thatleadership will depend on the situation and characteristics of theleader. Second, leader-member exchange theory which focuses on therelationships between the employees and the subordinate staffs.
Third,path-goal theory which is a contingency theory that links a specificleadership style to the conditions of the organization and theemployees. Lastly, the study will investigate how transformationalleadership theory can affect organizational behaviour. This theoryinvolves behaviours of leaders that inspire their followersincreasing their motivation and levels of performance.
Sorge,A. (2002). Organization.London: Thomson Learning.
Wagner,J. A., & Hollenbeck, J. R. (2010). Organizationalbehavior: Securing competitive advantage.New York: Routledge