Interpretivist,also known as interpretivism refers to a sociological researchapproach that focuses on the thoughts and actions of participants.This approach integrates human interest. Interpretivist researchersuse research methods such as unstructured and semi-structuredinterviews, observations, and focus groups. According to Reynoldsand Herman-Kinney (2003),an interpretivistapproach issubjective that is, it focuses on something with biasness.
Advantagesand Disadvantages of Interpretivist
Themain advantage of interpretivist isthe validity, honesty, and trustworthy of the responses.Interpretivist researchersprovide a good reflection of people’s feelings, as well as providetheir accurate “image” of the intended set of measure. Further,interpretivist approachgives qualitative data that is, a more detailed data with a greaterin-depth of what is really happening.
Onedisadvantage of the interpretivist approachis that it is not always reliable. Carey(2013) urges that it because the approach depends on personalrelationships between the researcher and the respondents hence, itis difficult to repeat the same research and get the same results. Inaddition, the results of interpretivist methodsof research are not representative. This method is time-consumingsince the responses are more detailed hence, research can only beconducted on a small scale.
Acase study is a qualitative descriptive research that focuses on anindividual or a group of participants. Researchers collect datathrough interviews, tests, collection of writing samples, protocols,examinations of records, and direct observations.
Advantagesand Disadvantages of Case Studies
Accordingto Georgeand Bennett (2005), acase study is advantageous because it simplifies concepts. Inaddition, this approach provides detailed (qualitative) data, insightfor further approach, and permits investigation of impracticalsituations. On the other hand, case studies are disadvantageousbecause researchers can be biased, it is difficult to generalizeresults to a larger population, it is complex to replicate, and it istime-consuming (Gagnon,2010).
Carey,M. (2013). Thesocial work dissertation: using small-scale qualitative methodology.Maidenhead, Open University Press/McGraw-Hill Education.
Gagnon,Y.-C. (2010). Thecase study as research method a practical handbook.Québec [Que.], Presses de l`Université du Québec.http://site.ebrary.com/id/10388643.
George,A. L., & Bennett, A. (2005). Casestudies and theory development in the social sciences.Cambridge, Mass. [u.a.], MIT Press.
Reynolds,L. T., & Herman-Kinney, N. J. (2003). Handbookof symbolic interactionism.Walnut Creek, CA, AltaMira Press.