LECTURE SUMMARY 3
The lecture was given by Dr. Mitchell and it focused on themultilingual nature of the abroad environment where foreign studentsnavigate through different languages to gain proficiency in onelanguage. Dr. Mitchell focused on the aspect of learning a secondlanguage and how this is influenced by the first language of asojourner. Dr. Mitchell gives a deeper analysis of how the brainprocesses second languages and how the second language influences thefirst language.
The lecturer focuses on the aspect of processing a second language.According to the speaker, there have been previous researches whichsuggest that different languages are processed differently. However,the speaker disagrees with this assertion stating that differentlanguages would indeed be processed in the same part of the brain.According to the speaker, words from any language are stored in thesame part of the brain and therefore different languages might beprocessed in the same place in the brain. This implies that differentlanguages are indeed processed together and not independently. Theaspect of asserting that languages are processed independently isalso opposed by various social linguists.
Another aspect that the speaker points to is the different actionsthat are conceptualized in different languages. According to thespeaker, different languages such as French and English will attractdifferent gestures for sentences with the same meaning. In otherwords, the brain conceptualizes the action for spoken wordsdifferently in different languages. Additionally, the speaker statesthat the first language of every person influences the syntax of thesecond language that the person studies. Recent research hasindicated that the second language also influences the firstlanguage.
The speaker has also asserted that the aspect of different languagessuch as Arabic, German and French is a making of the societies. Thesociety determines what the standard language for every nation orregion is. The speaker also points out to the aspect of studying asecond language abroad. This is common in Europe where peopleimmigrate to foreign countries such as the United States of America.The immigrants are in a better position to study the second languagesince they are immersed into the culture and the foreign language.