Ethicsis the study of how people ought to live and answers the moralquestion of what is wrong or right [ CITATION Sag15 l 1033 ].These qualities help shape the perception and trust of systems in thecriminal court system and a lack of ethics or ethical behavior wouldhave detrimental effect on the confidence citizens’place on judicial systems. For example, judges are supposed to beindependent in their judgment and are supposed to be impartial.However, ethical violations by criminal court professionals can leadto victimization, imprisonment of defendants during the hearingprocess. In this essay, the author will delve in the subject ofdisparities in victimization and offending among different races inAmerica. The author will also discuss about police brutality amongthe minorities in the obstruction of justice in the country as wellas cases where the defense attorneys have given false statements.
Thecriminal justice system is found on ethics [ CITATION Gru15 l 1033 ].A lack of ethical behavior in the criminal justice system woulddefinitely be a violation of ethics and this would erode the public’sconfidence in the court system on matters regarding fairness andequity when it comes to hearing court cases. All the parties in thecriminal justice system need to play their role in ensuring thathearing process is fair for the defendant.
Researchon ethnical and racial minorities in crime demonstrates that someraces are prone and involved in violent crimes when compares to othergroups. In other words, minority groups such as African-Americans andNative Indians are overrepresented as far as the criminal justicesystem is concerned. For example, 37% of violent crimes are believedto be committed by African-Americans who only represent 12.7% of theAmerican population. On the other hand, native Americans who onlyform less than 1% of the U.S population account for 1.3% of arrestsmade. It is because of such statistics that the African-Americanpopulation is six times more likely to receive a death penalty whencompared to their white counterparts [ CITATION Ros07 l 1033 ].It is becauseof these statistics that the minority groups in the U.S are morelikely to be victimized in the criminal court case as there isalready a bias in the hearing process.
Thelaw enforcers who form part of the criminal cases are supposed toperform their duties with fairness especially when making arrests.However, this has not been the case when it comes to the minorities.There has been evidence of police brutality when dealing withjuvenile minorities in the U.S. in fact, there has been an outcryover police murder of innocent victims when it comes to makingminority arrest. Law enforcers are required to read to theapprehended their Miranda rights but this is not often the case asthere is never the presumption of innocence until one is provenguilty. Therefore, the law enforcers in most instances overstep theirauthority when it comes to making arrests and in some cases, therehave been cases of law enforcement tampering with evidence, a clearviolation on obstruction of justice in the criminal justice system.
Insome cases, there is evidence where defense attorneys have eitherlied on behalf of their clients when it comes to representation offacts in a court of law. For example, the O.J. Simpson was onecontroversial case where the defendant walked free after beingsuspected of committing murder. Other cases, involve instances wherethe prosecution could not find the perpetrator guilty due to lack ofenough evidence to put the defense away.
Gruber, C. (2015). 3 Ways Ethics Influences Criminal Justice. Retrieved November 22, 2015, from Northestern http://www.cps.neu.edu/prospective-students/tips-for-success/ways-ethics-influence-criminal-justice.php
Rosich, K. J. (2007). Race, Ethnicity, and the Criminal Justice System. Retrieved November 22, 2015, from American Sociologial Association: http://www.asanet.org/images/press/docs/pdf/ASARaceCrime.pdf
Sage Publication. (n.d.). The Interaction Between Ethics and the Criminal Justice System . Retrieved November 22, 2015, from Sagepub: https://www.sagepub.com/sites/default/files/upm-binaries/46945_CH_1.pdf