Information Technology in Public Health

Description of the application with benefits and drawbacks

Based on theliterature review that was conducted by Elaine Tomasi, Luiz Augustoand Maria De Fatima on health information technology (2002) it showsthe importance of electronic patient registration. The electronicpatient registry is beneficial both to the patient and to thephysician based on the fact that it is accurate since the informationabout the patient is correct and does not rely on guesswork orpatient giving the details. For instance, the electronic registry isfeed with patient history and thus the physician does not need to askthe patients questions since it is provided by clicking the patientidentification number.

It saves time sincethe physician does not need to search the patient information and itis more economical regarding resources since the patient cards havethe credit and one does not need to have the cash for the payment.When the patient data is lost, it is easily recoverable. The possibledrawback of the electronic patient registry is that it lacksconfidentiality of the patient information. It is imperative thatwhenever a physician wants to know the patient more or any healthworker he or she just need to go to the registry and thus all yourdetails are revealed. The next drawback is that the system is notstandardized, and thus codification is not done when the patientinformation is being entered.

Roleof the hospitals in making use of health-related IT application

One of the roles ofthe hospitals in making the use of health-related IT application isto monitor the patient whether they are following the rules andregulations set. For instance, the diabetes patients, immunization ofmother and child and the physician could have directed the patient toreturn to the hospital within the next one week after being diagnosedwith a certain disease and drugs prescribed (Hawthorne, 2011). It isobvious whenever the patient feels he or she has recovered he or shewill not return, and this plays a significant role in ensuring thatthey can be contacted, and the doctor has the right to ask suchquestions. The next role of the hospital in making the use ofhealth-related IT application is to obtain the patient risk factorsand the groups that may be at risk, and thus the physician will bemonitoring the patient. The physician can provide the pattern ofdrugs that can be prescribed so that the risk factor is identified.

Implicationof the health IT application

The impact of theelectronic patient registry improves the safety of the patient andthe quality of services offered by the physician. Whenever thephysician offers services to the patient information is taken andthus the hospital health administrators can review the record and seehow the patient was treated and whether the physician offered theservices that were required as the treatment. Additionally, theelectronic patient registry plays an important role in offeringelectronic prescription and laboratory tests that are efficient andeffective (Sarnikar, 2013). It is imperative that diseases likemalaria and typhoid have similar symptoms and thus the system can beused to diagnose and offer the correct drug prescription. The patienthistory is readily available, and thus it is easy to treat thepatient since the physician has the required information concerningthe patient.

References

Elaine, T., Luiz, F., and Maria, S. (2002). Health InformationTechnology in Primary Health Care in Developing Countries: ALiterature Review. Available fromhttp://www.who.int/bulletin/volumes/82/11/en/867.pdf

Hawthorne, L. (2011). Patient assessment practice scenarios.Sudbury, Mass.: Jones and Bartlett

Sarnikar, S. (2013). Cases on healthcare information technologyfor patient care management. Hershey, PA: Medical InformationScience Reference.