Importance of Class-Race-Gender Analysis in the Criminal Justice System

Importanceof Class-Race-Gender Analysis in the Criminal Justice System


Importanceof Class-Race-Gender Analysis in the Criminal Justice System

Themodern and multicultural world of criminal justice is centered on thepremise of fairness to all people (Barack, 2000). However, there arevarious groups of people with numerous differences that compromise onthis principle. The Criminal Justice System (CJS) has sought tounderstand these cohorts so as to deliver its services equitably.Therefore, variables such as class, race, and gender remainfundamental in the theory and practice of law. This essay explainsthe importance of a class, race, and gender analysis in the CJS basesits arguments on the book “Theoretical Perspectives on Women andthe CJS.”

Offenderscontinually face racism, sexism, and classism that translate tomultiple marginalizations’. Gender-race-class analysis provides anunderstanding of the functioning of the CJS and the multiplemarginality dynamics based on gender, race, or class of the offender.Such knowledge helps in the eradication of psychological, social,economic, and political oppression (Van Wormer &amp Bartollas,2014). The analysis provides knowledge on the particular needs ofeach of the groups that helps in designing specific programs toassist them in. For example, gender, specific innovative programs aredesigned with the sufferings of women in mind with other women in thejustice department who reform the corrections system.

Theanalysis brings out the social divisions, hierarchy, andstratification in the CJS (Van Wormer &amp Bartollas, 2014).Examining class, gender, and race in the CJS helps in revealing theareas of inequality through allocation and distribution of rewardsand punishment. Inequalities also help understand the type of crimecommitted and why. Besides, the analysis of gender, class, and racehelps to understand the criminal justice workforce. For instance, itprovides reasons as to why females are reluctant to pursuing a policecareer and law. This unearths the inequalities in the CJS such aswomen getting jobs in established law firms and, therefore, attemptto eliminate them (Van Wormer &amp Bartollas, 2014).

Gender-class-raceanalysis also utilizes the feminist theory to commit to changing theoppressive social structures where women get discriminated. It raisesawareness about the interlocking nature of sexism, racism, andclassism in the CJS (Van Wormer &amp Bartollas, 2014). Suchknowledge on the social inequalities of gender, race, and classpromotes group struggles towards the socially desired outcomes ofequality. This ensures that balance is attained among all cohorts andmaintained by preventing backlash.

Theanalysis also helps in the empowerment of the marginalized. Itprovides an understanding of the power hierarchies, where malescontrol females and resources which helps in eliminating thestructural constraints to acknowledge the strength, resilience, andagency of women, which strives toward their empowerment andself-determinism (Van Wormer &amp Bartollas, 2014). It grants womenthe power, skills, and the capacity to control their lives breakingloose from the male dominance which in turn promotes equality in allthe races, gender, and classes.

Inconclusion, the analysis of the social facets of race, gender, andclass in the CJS helps in understanding the inequalities of crimeamong the different groups. It also helps in the empowerment of womenand the marginalized by drafting gender, race or class specificprograms. The analysis of race, gender, and class also uncovers thedifferences in the CJS and promote their celebration, legitimization,respect, and embracement. As a result, the CJS becomes fair andresponsive to the needs of every individual, regardless of race,gender, or class.


Barack,G. (2000). 10 November 2015, from

Van,W. K. S., &amp Bartollas, C. (2014).&nbspWomenand the criminal justice system.Upper Saddle River, N.J: Prentice Hall.