Homelessness in Saskatchewan province Due date

Homelessnessin Saskatchewan province

Duedate

Theincreased rate of urbanization in the contemporary epoch isincreasingly instigating tremendous population growth in the urbancenters. in the apparent globalization period sustainability of urbancenters requires an intensive community anchoring that is able tocreate a avenue for civic engagement and innovation .though it isalmost impossible to determine the exact number of homeless people inthe globe, it is evident that millions of people continue to vanquishin poverty lack of shelter and ultimately rendering them homeless.Evident is the fact that each day, almost every city in the world iswitnessing men, women and children along the streets begging formoney. In most cases these people often carry some plastic bags thatcontain their belongings. Homelessness is therefore a global menacethat needs immediate redress in a bid to salvage nations from theatrocities that emanate from homelessness. It is therefore evidentthat homelessness is not an individual’s or family option butrather the society’s failure to provide each and every communitymember with affordable and adequate housing options. Many scholarsconcur with the fact that homelessness is instigating the prevalenceof crimes and poverty in cities.

InAfrica, for instance, it is estimated that the since 1990’s thecontinent has been witnessing an influx of people to towns in searchfor a living. However, due to lack of job opportunities these peoplebecome hopeless and settle in the cities as homeless. My personalopinion is therefore that homelessness emanates from lack of hopesince most people have no option after failing to acquire a source ofincome rather than become homeless. Some of the postulations thattend to account for homelessness in many cities include economicproblems, teenage runaways and the increased costs of building housesin many states (Roseland,1992).

Canadais undeniably one of the states across the world that haveexperienced the complex predicament and destitute conditions ofhomelessness. According to Leo&ampAugust(2010), apparently, Canada is witnessing an increase in youthhomelessness in most of its cities. Despite Canada’s economicgrowth homelessness in the state is becoming pervasive. A vividexample of the prevalence of homeless people is Saskatchewanprovince. The disturbing reality about this province is that thepopulation of homeless people is increasing with each passing day.Sources contend thatthe administrators in Saskatchewan provinceare struggling to provide the homeless with adequate and affordablehouses. However, issues surrounding the affordability, cost of livingand economic instability are still distancing the people fromaccessing these houses. Homelessness in Saskatchewan province hastherefore become a major predicament to both the native people andthe immigrants. According to a survey conducted in 2008 by the UnitedNations, the homeless population in Canada stood at 200,000 people(Aquan-Yuen,2010).According to Roseland (1991), there is need for the contemporarycommunities to apply and fully engage the principles of sustainabledevelopment I in urban life in order to curb the menace ofhomelessness. Within the context of sustainable e development,homelessness is a menace that the globe will continue experiencing ifgovernments fail to invest and respond abruptly to the increasingpopulation. According to the demographic departments of Canada,currently, Saskatchewan province is experiencing a rapid increase innumber of homeless population. The province is increasingly becominga hub of street children, crime as well as drug and substance abuse.The intent of this paper is to examine homelessness in Saskatoon andRegina cities located in Saskatchewan province. The paper issystematically organized into different sections with each partcapturing explicit data on the predicament of homelessness inSaskatoon and Regina cities. The three major sections include theintroduction, the main and the conclusion. The introduction sectionprovides a brief statement of the problem explored in the paper. Themain body is organized into different subheadings that explicitlyexplore homelessness in Saskatoon and Regina cities in detail. Theconclusion summarizes the paper by detailing the main ideas capturedin the paper. The rationale for this paper is based on the fact thathomelessness is a contemporary subject that is taking new trends witheach passing day. Despite the persistence of the subject, it is clearthat there are authentic solutions to this predicament. Within thecontext of Saskatchewan province homelessness can be controlled onlyif all the responsible stakeholders partnered to build an integratedsystem towards addressing homelessness.

Tofully elucidate the thesis in this paper, I used a number ofauthentic research methods. Some of these methods include peerreviewed journals, articles, recent books, magazines, as well asCanada’s demographic website.

Homelessnessin Saskatoon city

Saskatooncity is located on the south of Saskatchewan River in centralSaskatchewan province, in Canada. As the largest city in Saskatchewanprovince, Saskatoon city is the most populated in the province.According to demographic data collected in 2014, Saskatoon had apopulation of approximately 257,300 people.

Skylineview of Saskatoon city and the Saskatchewan River

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saskatoon

Asobserved in the image above, Saskatoon is strategically located alongan ambient environment that promotes industrialization and tourism.These factors greatly contribute to the high influx of people intothe city.

Notably,Saskatoon is an industrial city a factor that attracts immense ruralurban migration as people come to search for jobs in the industries.This rural urban migration has greatly contributed to the rise ofhomelessness as a major crisis in the city. According to Gleason,Perry, &amp Myers(2011), in the recent past, homelessness in Saskatoon city has becomea major concern not only in Canada but also across the globe. Since1997, homelessness in the city has grown tremendously in terms ofsize. According toLeo &amp August(2010), Canada’s demographic profile of the homeless population ischanging. Though the problem has been a major crisis in Canada since9thcentury, homelessness in Saskatoon city has hit new records. SinceSaskatchewan is a mining province, its cities have been experiencinga high influx of people into the province in search of jobs. Reliablesources contend that the vast majority of the homeless populationconsists of men and children followed by the youth (Leo&amp August, 2010).This implies that unemployment instigates this menace. Homelessnessin the city has been attributed to numerous factors such as lack oflow income housing, poverty and unemployment.

Homelessnessin Saskatoon has been described as both absolute and relative.According toLeo &amp August(2010), Saskatoon is composed of people who live entirely without anyphysical shelter as well as those who live in poor conditions ofsecurity and health despite the temporary physical shelters that theymight be residing in. In a report released in 2013 by the Canadiangovernment, 4200 people in Saskatoon were subject to both absoluteand relative homelessness.

http://www.usask.ca/cuisr/sites/default/files/Saskatoon-HIFIS-Report-2009.pdf

Thedata on the graph above depicts that the number of single people arethe majority in the homeless category. The youths are the majority inboth emergency and transitional shelters.Homelessness in Saskatoon is an important subject since it hasinstigated social upheavals such as crimes, overpopulation, terrorismand poverty across the city. The Canadian government is investing alot of money in an issue that can be solved by expanding theindustrial sector in the rural areas of the state in order to reducerural urban migration. I therefore found the issue awfully importantsince it needs immediate strategies to be solved.

Sourcescontend that the city’s administration is still evicting people toconstruct more industries and expand infrastructure, a factor that isgiving a new shape to the menace of homelessness in Saskatoon. Wheninterviewed by the CBC, Paul Sanderson a homeless native Canadian inSaskatoon city asserted that the rent in the city is so high andunaffordable. This is a vivid indication that Saskatoon housingoptions are awfully limited a factor that is rendering many peoplehomeless. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/saskatoon/officials-remove-homeless-camp-under-saskatoon-bridge-1.3233023

Asindicated above,Paul is a bittter homeless canadian in the city whohas expterinced first hand chalenges of what homelessnesentails.According to Begin(2009), one in every forty five youths in Saskatoon is homeless. Thisdepicts that homelessness is taking an awfully different shapebecause with youths being the majority of the homeless, then itevident that the predicament may continue increasing in future.

Findings

Aclose scrutiny on the data revealed about the rate of homelessness inSaskatoon city is a clear evident that there is hope for the city tominimize the number of homeless people by almost 8% in the next threeyears (Darkwah,2012).Sources contend that apparently, most of the city dwellers are inmost cases vulnerable to relative homelessness. In a way, the cityhas the potential to completely eradicate absolute homelessness basedon the apparent progress. Moreover, Saskatoon municipality isintending to create more than 8000 jobs every year. It is projectedthat the new jobs opportunities will aid minimize homelessness in thecity by approximately 10 %(Piat et.al, 2014).

AccordingtoGleason, Perry, &amp Myers(2011), in a bid to control the high influx of people into Saskatooncity, the municipality in partnership with the Canadian governmenthave introduced an initiative intended to expand and open up newcompanies and industries in the rural areas. Sources contend thatthis initiative will see a high reduction of people migrating to thecity. At the same time, the city’s municipality has also come upwith a plan that is meant to allow people to open up small businessenterprises in the city.

Thefindings from the ongoing projects and initiatives to address thestate of homelessness in Saskatoon city ascertains that the city’smunicipality is working tirelessly to ensure that this menace issolved completely. It is projected that in the next thirty yearshomelessness in Saskatoon city will have reduced by over 80% if theapparent measures continue to be undertaken and implementedeffectively.

Homelessnessin Regina city

Echenberg&amp Jensen(2012), note that a bid to comprehend the entire scope of the trendof homelessness in Regina is fairly difficult due to lack of adequatedata or incomplete information. He further adds that up to date themunicipal government in Regina city has not been in a position toestablish the exact number of homeless people in the city. Accordingto a report published in 2009 by the pathways Regina, approximately2000 people every year sought for emergency housing services from thecity’s municipality. According to McCauslin(2013),8.9 % of the total population of Regina city are in great demand andneed for housing. At the same time according to recent statistics,Regina’s housing vacancy rate is 1.9% .This depicts that the cityhas a housing deficit of more than 2%. There is no adequate housingin Regina as almost quarter of the city’s population is vulnerableto homelessness. The low number of rental housing units is thereforea major problem behind the Increasing number of homeless people.Moreover, homelessness in Regina is not only about lack of adequatehouses but also poorly built shelters. It is also worth noting thatone in every ten rental houses in Regina city need renovations andrepairs. Moreover, the single detached housing method that is used bymany people in Regina has also discouraged the building of storiedbuildings that accommodate more people within a small building space.Ostensibly, the main factor that has contributed to the increasingnumber of homeless people in the city of Regina is the lack ofdiversification in the building and construction to adopt new andmodern building styles that can aid in increasing the number of roomsand hence accommodation extra number of the city dwellers.

Findings

Accordingto a research conducted by researchers from the University of Regina,only 4500 different people accessed emergency shelters at least oneday within a span of 56 days. This depicts that the capacity of theemergency is so small to accommodate all the homeless individuals inthe city.

Moreoverresearch depicts that from 2008 to 2010, the number of people insearch emergency shelters and beds increased by 44.5%.At the sametime, Saskatchewan province has come up with an assistance plan aimedat helping the homeless across some of its cities including Reginacity. The Saskatchewan assistance plan provides additional emergencyhousing services especially to the people with disabilities.

Possiblesolutions

Evidently,Homelessness is an immense predicament in today’s world. However,only a few programs have been introduced in order to curb thismenace. It is therefore paramount for all people to work together toensure that the less fortunate such as the homeless secure a place tosojourn. Governments across the globe should also come up with viableconstitutional amendments that seek to address the issue ofhomelessness.

Accordingto Jackman&amp Porter(2012), addressing the problem of homelessness in Saskatoon andRegina cities needs to focus on three paramount perspectives. First,the government should intensify on prevention. This implies that thegovernment should place the possible and viable measures that ensurepeople in city have job opportunities that enable them afford housesin the cities. Evidently, inability to afford house rent is one ofthe major reasons instigating the apparent state of homelessness.Creation of job opportunities that enhance a continuous flow ofincome will greatly promote financial stability thereby enablingpeople access house rent.

Secondly,there is need for emergency housing programs. According toMeanwell(2012), despite how the cities put in place prevention measures therewill always be crises that lead to homelessness. As a resultintroduction of emergency services will greatly aid in helping peopleget by the crises through the provision of emergency shelters.

Thirdly,there need to initiate re-housing as a strategy in ensuring thathomeless people get re-housed soonest possible after a time ofcrises. Re-housing option also implies that the government shouldcome up with affordable houses that meet UNEP standards. Looking atthe state of homelessness in Canada generally, it is evident thatCanadians have over the years implemented new innovations and diverseways of curbing this menace. According to the united way of Saskatoonand Area, the city is taking a coordinated approach to endhomelessness through combined efforts with vital players such asaboriginal leaders, the homeless people as well as the businesscommunity. Based on a plan developed in 2013, Saskatoon city iscommitted to developing affordable housing, system mapping and theimplementation of development oriented governing system. To fullyimplement the assertions of this plan, Saskatoon city conducted datacollection in 2012 to determine the number of homeless people in thecity. The data formed a vital baseline upon which the progress ofcurbing the menace will take place.

Accordingto Gleason,Perry &amp Myers(2011), homelessness in Saskatoon city can only be addressed throughoffering people affordable housing, adequate incomes and providingsupport services to the people. Some of the possible immediatesolutions are, providing those under absolute homelessness withsocial housing. Charitable institutions, religious organizations aswell the government institutions should step in and provide thehomeless population with donations and job opportunities in order toreduce their vulnerability.

Miningindustries should also strive to provide adequate and favorable wagesto the workers to enable them afford houses (Gleason,Perry &amp Myers, 2011).Thiswill in turn see an increment in living standards of people therebymaking them afford and access housing facilities in both Saskatoonand Regina city.

Conclusion

ThoughCanada has made definite steps towards addressing crises onhomelessness, there is still a long way to go. This is based on thefact that homelessness is taking different shapes with each dawn. Itshould be noted that Saskatoon and Regina cities are just metonymicof the many cities across the world that are facing the problem ofhomelessness. Data on Saskatoon and Regina cities is a representationof what is transpiring across the world in regards to homelessness.Homelessness in Saskatoon is a menace that has remained unaddressedover the years since the overall population in Canada has been on therise. It is therefore the right time Canadian government takes theinitiative to salvage this homeless population. Within the context ofSaskatoon city, viable measures need to be talent if the menace is tocome to a standstill. As noted the city municipality is taking newmeasures such as initiating plans that allow easier procedures andpossess of opening up new small business enterprises. Arguably, thecity intends to invest in self employment as a method of curbingunemployment which is a major factor instigating homelessness inSaskatoon city.

References

Aquan-Yuen,R. (2010). Homelessnessin Canada.Waterloo, Ont.: University of Waterloo Library.

Begin,P. (2009). Homelessnessin Canada.[Ottawa]: Library of Parliament, Research Branch, Political andSocial Affairs Division.

Darkwah,V. (2012). A Systematic Review on the Intersection of Homelessnessand Healthcare in Canada. JournalOf Nursing &amp Care,01(05).http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2167-1168.1000115

Echenberg,H., &amp Jensen, H. (2012). Definingand enumerating homelessness in Canada. [Ottawa, Ont.]: Library of Parliament.

Gleason,M., Perry, A., &amp Myers, T. (2011). RethinkingCanada.Don Mills, Ont.: Oxford University Press.

Guirguis-Younger,M., McNeil, R., &amp Hwang, S. (2014). Homelessness&amp health in Canada. Ottawa: Univ. of Ottawa Press.

Jackman,M., &amp Porter, (2012) . Rights-Based Strategies to AddressHomelessness and Poverty in Canada: The Constitutional Framework.SSRNElectronic Journalhttp://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2348724

Leo,C., &amp August, M. (2010). Thefederal government and homelessness.Winnipeg, Man.: Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives.

McCauslin,M. (2013). Homelessness.New York: Crestwood House.

Meanwell,E. (2012). Experiencing Homelessness: A Review of Recent Literature.SociologyCompass,6(1),72-85. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-9020.2011.00432.x

Piat,M., Polvere, L., Kirst, M., Voronka, J., Zabkiewicz, D., &ampPlante, M. et al. (2014). Pathways into homelessness: Understandinghow both individual and structural factors contribute to and sustainhomelessness in Canada. UrbanStudies,52(13),2366-2382. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0042098014548138

Roseland,M. (1911). Towardsustainable communities.[Vancouver]: University of British Columbia, Canada.