HEALTH PROMOTION FOR TEENAGE MOTHERS 1
Teenage pregnancy is a major issue that affects the American society.Of all the births in the United States, 57% are from teenage mothers(Martin et al., 2015). The issue has far-reaching effects on severalsectors including education and health. Although the government hasintensified the fight against teenage pregnancy, there is a need todevelop health promotion to and address the reproductive health ofteenage mothers.
First, the mothers’ sexual health and safety should be a priority.As a health promotional activity, sexual health and safety would beinstrumental in the prevention of other immediate pregnancies. Itwill also assist in maintaining the health of the newborn by ensuringthat the mother gives it enough attention and care (Health EducationAuthority, 1999). Sexual health and safety will be more productivewhen combined with education on family planning than when promoted asa single issue. Another health promotion activity for the teenagemothers is mental health counseling. Due to their young age anddisrupted education, the young more experience stress and depression.Offering them counseling will make them responsible for theirimmediate status as mothers and curb other self-abusive activitiesthat accompany depression like substance abuse (Health EducationAuthority, 1999). The third health promotional activity that would beeffective for this population is nutritional counseling. It is worthnoting that the young mothers still need enough nutrients for theirphysical development as well as to regain the energy lost duringpregnancy and delivery (Chico et al., 2014).
There are various factors in the environment that are likely toaffect the teenage mothers. Stress and depression are majorenvironmental hazards that may affect them. They occur due to thedisruptions observed in their normal activities like education andrelationships. They are also likely to experience social stigma andregarded as setting bad examples for the other teenagers.
Chico, E., Gonzalez,A., Ali, N., Steiner, M., & Fleming, A. S. (2014). Executivefunction and mothering: Challenges faced by teenage mothers.Developmental psychobiology, 56(5), 1027-1035.
Health EducationAuthority. (1999). Promoting the health of teenage and lonemothers Setting a Research Agenda. London: United Kingdom.
Martin, J.A,Hamilton B.E, Osterman M.J.K, Curtin S.C, Mathews T.J, (2015).Births: Final data for 2013. NationalVital Statistics Report.64(1), 1-68. Retrieved fromhttp://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr64/nvsr64_01.pdf