Source1: A News article by CNN’s Steinfeld, Jemimah “Women Still FaceThe Wall Of Discrimination In China”
Steinfeldwrote a news article to CNN about the discrimination of women inChina on 8th March 2014. The story also reveals that thesuccessfully-handled gender discrimination cases do not exist in theregion. Zhou Yuxia, 24, is a lady who had just returned to Beijingafter completing her studies in the United States. The woman tried tolook for a job that she thought she was qualified. However, despitegetting advertisements on jobs that she was qualified to apply, thepositions specified that they needed a male candidate. Therefore,even though Zhou applied for the job, she would not be consideredunless she attached a video to explain why she was fit for the task.At some point, she lost a good opportunity to her junior simplybecause the position required a male employee.
Reportingto CNN through Steinfeld, she explained that jobs that requiredengineers as well as country travels advertised for male candidatesas it was not expected that women can be up to the task. In theregion, women are still associated with the home chores, childbirthand constantly traveling with the women of marrying age isinconsiderable. In most interviews where women are required, theirbeauty and looks count. According to Geoff Crothall, who works for anNGO that promotes the rights of women in China, Zhou`s act wouldencourage more women to stand for their rights and fightdiscrimination. Geoff also claimed that it was rare to get the courtsto accept discrimination cases.
Referringto the 2010 data from Third Chinese Women`s Social StatusInvestigation through Bureau of Statistics of China, 72% caseshandled gender discrimination in the workplace. Wen Hua, the writerof the book Buying Beauty: Cosmetic Surgery in China claims that theChinese government is guilty of subjecting women to certain standardsof beauty and height to attain certain jobs. To them, the tall,beautiful women make the departments look attractive. Eventually, thediscrimination has made the women adapt to the situation. Lin Waruwanted to be a doctor when she was a teenager. Her mother explainedto her that the career was not good to a woman. She ended up becominga journalist. However, she writes about medicine for personalsatisfaction.
Steinfeldobserved that the Chinese International Women`s day marked 8th Marchno longer handled the plight of the women. The day is commercializedby women being presented with gifts and day offs. The gifts were alsoacquired at subsidized prices, and they include the kitchenappliances, beauty cosmetics, and banquet of flowers offered towives, sisters, mothers and the female employees.
Thearticle has clearly highlighted cases of gender discrimination widelythrough citing the examples of various plights of women. However, thelimitations of the article are that apart from highlighting theproblem, there are no recommendations given that would lead to asolution to the problem. Having the problem known is not the centralpoint. There should be remedies to the problem that the victims needto be advised about. The solutions would help to counter theprevailing circumstances, which are oppressive to the women. Thearticle has also not highlighted much on the role of women infighting against the discrimination. Apart from the cases in thewomen courts, there are no more active women roles. There are also noexamples of successful women given that would act as the role modelsfor the rest.
Source2: Samuel Cohn’s Book, “Race and at Work”
Cohnhas highlighted various issues associated with gender discriminationat work. Despite the change in time and seasons, there is stillgender inequality in the United States. The variation is alsoreflected in the earnings of people depending on gender. The malesrate higher, but there is an increasing trend on the female side(Cohn 14). The constant increment in the rate of women in theearnings is explained that the women have started to take up the jobopportunities previously set apart for the men. As a result, theearnings have increased. Following the role models who first took upthe challenge, others have followed the suit.
Accordingto Cohn (30-40), employers get to an irrational decision at theexpense of the most profitable alternatives. In addition, Cohndiscusses the theories of wages: the marginal productivity, humancapital, dual sector, union strength, and internal labor markettheories and also explains the reasons for the difference in jobpositions between males and the females (Cohn 49). The decisiontheory highly relates to the discrimination of gender as well as therace (Cohn 49). The author focuses on the feminist perception of thediscrimination and is, therefore, able to handle the situation at thevictims view. Due to the biases in the job opportunities, therefore,he has also managed to highlight the reasons associated with thegender discrimination in the job market.
Outof discrimination, the employees have come up with factors thatdetermine if the job belongs to the males or the females (Cohn 51).The first reason is that women exclude themselves from employment.The myth is highly supported by Supply-side Theories of occupationalSex-typing (Cohn52). Since the women are not interested in the jobvacancies, they, therefore, do not seek the opportunity nor apply forthem. The concerned parties, who end up being the men, are eventuallygiven the opportunities. The supply–side theory, therefore,indicates that choice limits the women supply to the workforce. Onthe other hand, the demand-side, majorly dominated by men wins as themen aggressively take the position (Cohn62-68). Therefore, anothertheory called Demand-side Theories of occupational Sex-typing isadopted to support that those interested in the task should seize theopportunity without favors of gender. The situation ends up helpingthe men.
Cohnhad managed to focus on the challenges facing females in theworkplace. Through reference to various marketing theories, he hasmanaged to support the arguments of different employees about theemployment. Through an angle of a feminist, he has highlighted versediscrimination platforms and also myths adopted to support theactions. However, the writer has not given the women reports on themyths adopted. There is a possibility that probably the employeesspecify that the job opportunities require the male candidates hencethe women end up not applying for the jobs. Reports from the victimswho have first-hand experiences would help to certify the mythsadopted as well as the views of the employers.
Source3: Howard-Byrd and Sherlynn’s Book “Gender and AgeDiscrimination among Women in the Broadcast News Industry”
Thebook focuses on the challenges that the women face in the broadcastnews and the current affairs industry. The women as noted by theauthor take up majority numbers in the journalism classes. However,when it comes to the broadcast journalism, the numbers indicate thatthe men are the majority. It seems that many women are left out whenit comes to the job opportunities. The many women who studyjournalism end up taking different jobs or being rendered jobless asthe male cohorts seize the job opportunities. According to thevarious CEOs, the difference in the pay rates is determined by thematernity leaves that leave women with lagging skills (Howard-Byrd12). Other views from different people show that the recruitmentprocess favors the male cohorts, and the females are curtailed toprogress.
Inthe current affairs, the nature of the new is fast-paced and does notrhyme with the caring responsibilities of women. Equal employmentopportunities (EEO) enhancers should manage the challenge by creatingflexible opportunities where women can fit (Howard-Byrd 13) Apartfrom discrimination against the gender, the older women are alsobullied in the industry as they are discriminated (Howard-Byrd 13)out of the many reasons given on the general presentation and theoutlook, there are also discriminations based on the prospects of theindividuals. It is due to these reasons that the older women arediscriminated against as their looks are not up to measure with theyounger women. The Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) hastherefore been involved in helping fight for the rights of the women(Howard-Byrd 124).
Malechauvinism, therefore, has spread out as it is revealed by theunwillingness of the EEO proponents towards incorporating the womenin the industry. The employees claim that their bosses do notstrictly follow the policies stipulated towards their promotion andtheir forms are not regularly signed or delivered to the humanresource departments (Howard-Byrd 74). Therefore, despite the CEO`sclaims that the nature of the women to responsibilities does notfavor them in the industry, the employees have significantly added tothe weight on the situation. The ADEA has also played a great role inenhancing the incorporation of women in the opportunities. With greatconcern, it was noted that the representation of women in therecruitment crew is not the way people are made to believe. In thereal sense, the statistics show a great disparity in data. It wasunacceptable to the act.
Theauthor, Howard-Byrd, has broadly looked into the matter of womendiscrimination in the broadcast news industry. The barriers that havefaced the women in the industry can be easily handled. The author hasalso shown how various organizations and acts have participatedtowards the emancipation of women from their plight. However, theauthor has not elaborated the situation of the discrimination ofwomen in other industries. It is not clear whether the industry ofthe news broadcast is the one facing the challenge or it has spreadout to other workplaces. Comparison with other industries will enablethe EEO office to handle the matter amicably hence incorporating thewomen as well. It will serve as a motivation that the women are ascompetent.
Cohn,Samuel. Raceand at Work.Boulder, Colo: Westview Press, 2009. Print
Howard-Byrd,Sherlynn T. L. N. Genderand Age Discrimination among Women in the Broadcast News Industry.Lewiston,N.Y: Edwin Mellen Press, 2008. Print
Steinfeld,Jemimah. `WomenStill Face The Wall Of Discrimination In China`. CNN (2014): singlepage.Web. 21 Nov. 2015.<http://edition.cnn.com/2014/03/08/world/asia/china-gender-discrimination/>