GangViolence Reduction Program
GangViolence Reduction Program
Thestudy aims at examining the gang homicides in the most populouscities in the United States. It also investigates how the structuralconditions associated with gang murders are different from thenon-gang homicide. For over a decade, homicide has been the subjectfor research in the social sciences field, which is focused on thestructural associates of the murders. In the study, the controlvariables are the socioeconomic deprivation and populationheterogeneity, which are included as structural variables tocorrelate directly with both the dependent and independent variables.The control variables keep all the factors that affect gangmembership and homicide unchanged to determine exactly how theindependent variables affect the dependent variables hence, makingthe study informative and manageable. Therefore, these variables aresignificant as they ensure that accuracy is maintained.
Theresearcher uses geographical areas as a unit of analysis. The studyis conducted in the large cities to determine the rate ofgang-related murders. Consequently, the study investigates how thelarge cases of homicide in counties, neighborhoods, and cities arelinked to scarcity of resource and population structure in aparticular area. The sample size used in the study is collected from88 most populated cities in the United States. Each city included inthe sample had at least 200,000 residents. The researcher used theyear 2000 as a benchmark to measure the outcome of gang homicide inthe subsequent years. The sampling frame includes all gang members inthe cities. The researcher gets the information about gang membershipfrom the data provided by the National Gang Center.
Thestudy uses quota sampling to evaluate the rate of gang homicide. Thesampling is conducted depending on the particular characteristic ofthe selected cities and murders statistics as the researcher assessesthe possible causes of different rates of gang homicide. The gangmurders in the cities are evaluated concerning the knowncharacteristics of social, economic and population levels in thoserespective areas.
Thereare no concerns regarding the validity and reliability of the databecause the information was operationalized using reliable reports bythe police. The numbers were also calculated and converted to show arepresentation of the cities’ population based on current UnitedStates population estimates. The study uses multi-year average, whichreduced measurement errors thus, resulting in strong internalreliability. Besides, previous studies have used similar measureseffectively to get reliable results. The research screens thestatistics to make the sample size more representative of the wholecity. Therefore, they eliminate the population that is not related tothe gang membership and only use the data of that meet the requiredcriteria. The researcher has disclosed the research method andclearly shows that the data was obtained from four credible sources.For example, the United States Census information is used in thestudy to assess the economic, social, and population characteristicsof the cities. Therefore, the credibility of the information ensuresthat the results obtained are reliable when making a conclusion onthe most suitable reduction programs.
However,the methodology can be improved by evaluating the rate of ganghomicide and non-gang homicide in regions sharing a similar level ofsocial depravity and population diversity. Accordingly, the resultsobtained in these cities will help determine the specific factorsthat contribute to high rates of gang homicide in some cities ascompared to others. Furthermore, the improvements will make itpossible to determine whether these relationships are still valid ina multivariate situation.