Ethicsand Corporate Responsibility in the Workplace and the World
Describe the key characteristics of a stakeholder and determineall the stakeholders within the PharmaCARE scenario.
The principle stakeholder in the PharmaCare scenario is the companyinvestors. They are perceived the major stakeholders in the businessbecause they spent many of their finances investing in the business.Moreover, they use most of the company’s profit to entice consumersthrough offering discounted medicine to several African nations(Beauchamp, Bowie & Arnold 2004). Additionally, they stand tomake booming profits out of the business due to the reputation theyhave built in African nations for they provide them with medicine atdiscounted prices. The key character of the company stakeholder isegoism where they work towards their personal interests. Even thoughthe company helped the African nations by offering medicine atdiscounted price, they were unethical and greedy to their clients.For instance, they opted to look for cheap labor in Colberia sincethey wanted to maximize the profits (Beauchamp, Bowie & Arnold2004). Additionally, the living conditions of the company’s workerswere horrible given that they dwelled in villages without electric orinternet connection. On the other hand, the company’s top managerswere experiencing lavish life in the offshore hotels of Colberia(Beauchamp, Bowie & Arnold 2004). The pharmaceutical company’stop management could not offer the company workers with the means oftransport because they covered long distance through the bush. Theorganization jeopardized the wildlife’s habitats in Colberia fortheir personal gain. For instance, they cleared bushes in search ofmedical plants and the act endangered the lifestyles of wildlife. The firm could not afford to dedicate some of its profit to improvingthe social well-being of the Colberia populace given that most peoplewere living ill built hats with no electricity or water. Contrary toits social evils, the major stakeholder portrays a generous characterbecause of the number of projects he has initiated to the Africannations. For instance, being among the leaders of the pharmaceuticalboard, the company head has spearheaded the supplement of cheapmedicine to Colberia, which has saved the lives of many people.Additionally, the initiative dubbed We Care about your worldenlightens people in different African villages about different drugsand their usage. The other stakeholders in the company scenario arethe consumers. The consumers are considered the company’sstakeholders because they directly buy the company’s products.Moreover, the consumers are considered crucial stakeholders becausethe company cannot make any profits without them. As a result, thecompany is tirelessly working to implement different measures ofenticing customers through promotion product measures (Kirk &Hutter 2002). The company workers are also categorized among thecompany’s stakeholders. The workers are crucial in the productionprocess since the organization cannot produce its medicine withoutthem. For that reason, there will be minimal chance of profitmaximization since the production rate will be dismal in anorganization.
Analyze the human rights issues presented by PharmaCAREâ’streatment of the Colberia’s indigenous population versus that ofits executives. Recommend at least three (3) changes PharmaCARE canmake to be more ethical going forward
The company evidently violates the rights of indigenous people inColberia. Even if the company played a role in supplying the countrywith cheap medicine, its actions in the case study would demonstratea key violation of human rights. For example, the organization optsto look for cheap labor in Africa to maximize fully on the company’sprofits. The company workers are working under poor conditions suchas meager payments. The organization pays as little as $ 1.00 per dayfor casual laborers (Snider, Hill & Martin 2003). The salary isdismal compared to the economic situations in most African nations.Additionally, the company is ignorant of catering for their workforce’s welfare since most of its workers are covering largedistances along the bush to look for medicinal plants. Therefore, thebush walks expose the workers to attacks by dangerous wild animals.The company is resistant to using some of its money in improving theliving standards of the Colberian populace (Snider, Hill & Martin2003). For example, most of the company workers experiences horribleliving conditions in the Colberian villages. Additionally, thevillages have no electricity of waters sources. On the other hand,the company officials are experiencing posh lifestyles in thewell-built houses in Colberian cities. Their living conditions,compared to that of the indigenous people, demonstrate a system ofsocietal imbalance in the world.
For the company to win back the confidence of the Colberianpopulace, they must make several changes in their operations (Epstein1987). Such as, the corporation needs to improve the workingconditions of its workers through salary increment and catering fortheir living conditions. Currently, the living condition isexpensive, and a salary of $1.00 cannot sustain the needs of workers(Epstein 1987). Likewise, the organization needs to cater to forother welfares of the workers such as providing them with means oftransport in their hunt for medicinal plants.
PharmaCare organization needs to create a good rapport with theenvironmental reservists in Colberia by abandon destroying thehabitats of wild animals in their medicinal plants hunt missions(Kirk & Hutter 2002). Presently, the lives of many wild animalsare in jeopardy due to the environmental destruction acts by theorganization.
Additionally, the company needs to use part of its profits inimproving the living conditions of the Colberia people (Kirk &Hutter 2002). For example, the organization should build good roadnetworks since the infrastructure is the major contribution to thecompany’s development. Furthermore, the company should improve theliving conditions of its people by providing electricity and pipedwater since it can be an appropriate measure of boosting theirworking morale.
Assess PharmaCAREâ’s environmental initiative against thebackdrop of its anti-environmental lobbying efforts and Colberianactivities. Support the position.
The company’s environmental action does not portray theirenvironmental conservation policy. For instance, the companycontributes to environmental degradation in the nation since they cutdown useful herbs in their search for medicinal plants. For thatreason, the existence of many wild animals is in jeopardy (Joyner &Payne 2002). Likewise, the cut down of trees can lead to the changeof the weather system in the nation. Therefore, the company is notsupporting its environmental conservation act because of itscontribution to the environmental destruction policy (Kirk &Hutter 2002). The organization has spearheaded the creation ofSuperfund initiative meant for environmental conservation inColberia, but its environmental destruction deeds do not demonstratetheir commitment to the scheme (Joyner & Payne 2002). Hence, theorganization needs to halt their environmental destruction move toportray their full commitment to the environmental conservation plan.
Decide whether or not PharmaCAREâ’s actions on the indigenouspeople of Colberia would be ethical by each of the following ethicaltheories:
The theory explains how the best moral action is the one thatmaximizes on that of the utility. Therefore, the theory furtherexplains how the consequences of any actions have the rights andwrongs. The company does uphold the principle of utilitarianismbecause its actions contribute either positively or negatively to thewellbeing of the surrounding society (Snider, Hill & Martin2003). For instance, contributes positively to people’s lives bysupplying them with cheap medicine. On the other hand, theorganization violates the human rights principles through overexploiting people.
The deontology theory explains how an action is considered morallyupright because some of its acts are morally obligatory regardless ofits repercussion to the human welfare (Snider, Hill & Martin2003). Alternatively, an action is considered good because of itscharacteristics, not its end product. Therefore, the company upholdsthe principle since it offers employment to the people regardless ofthe salary is pays people.
The virtue ethics primarily concentrates on an individual’scharacters and virtue rather than doing things in a positive way(Snider, Hill & Martin 2003). Therefore, the company does notuphold the virtue since the characters of its top officials areunethical despite their efforts to improving the lives of people.Such as, the organization’s top officials lead good lives inColberia as compared to the indigenous people who are struggling inshanty houses in villages.
Ethics of care
Ethics care is one of the most crucial theories in philosophy. Thetheory mainly considers factors that make an action right or wrong(Snider, Hill & Martin 2003). The virtue upholds the principle oflistening to each party’s views on certain issues. Therefore, thecompany does not support the virtue because it does not listen to thepublic outcry of salary increment and environmental conservation inColberia.
Your own moral / ethical compass
Ethical compass is the personal code of ethics that helpsindividuals reaches their targets. For instance, the company upholdsthe principle the company’s targets are met through environmentaldegradation and poor payments to people (Snider, Hill & Martin2003). They usually pay people meager salaries to maximize theprofits.
Compare PharmaCARE actions with those of at least one (1)real-world company, whose corporate activities led to ethical,environmental, or workplace safety issues and financial loss. Analyzethe similarities and differences between PharmaCARE and the companythat you chose.
The Mitsubishi Corporation’s actions were highly criticized in 1989following their environmental destruction act, which led to the ledto the cutting of trees in the major forests of South Asia, South andNorth America, and Siberia (Kirk & Hutter 2002). The citizens ofthe affected nations boycotted the purchase of company’s productsthat led to a huge financial loss. Moreover, the affiliate companiesto Mitsubishi were fined by the EU organization for theirenvironmental conservation negligence move of destructing forests forfuel creation reasons (Kirk & Hutter 2002). Mitsubishi Company issimilar to Pharmacare organization since both of them conductedenvironmental destructions by cutting down trees for fuel creationpurposes (Kirk & Hutter 2002). The two companies regarded theirpersonal interests of maximizing profits through getting cheapersources of energy in trees, which led to environmental destructionissues (Kirk & Hutter 2002). The two companies are differentsince Mitsubishi is a motor company while Pharmacare is apharmaceutical organization. Moreover, Pharmacare participated inlifting the living conditions of people through offering cheapproducts to Colberia. Mitsubishi Company only destructed theenvironment since it was not involved in any community developmentproject.
Beauchamp, T. L., Bowie, N. E., & Arnold, D. G. (Eds.). (2004).Ethical theory and business.
Epstein, E. M. (1987). The corporate social policy process: Beyondbusiness ethics, corporate social responsibility, and corporatesocial responsiveness. California management review, 29(3),99-114.
Joyner, B. E., & Payne, D. (2002). Evolution and implementation:A study of values, business ethics and corporate socialresponsibility. Journal of Business Ethics, 41(4),297-311.
Kirk, S., & Hutter(2002). Ethics and Corporate Responsibility inthe Workplace and the World.
Snider, J., Hill, R. P., & Martin, D. (2003). Corporate socialresponsibility in the 21st century: A view from the world`s mostsuccessful firms. Journal of Business ethics, 48(2),175-187.