Ethicalanalysis in nursing
Ethicalissues are problems that face an organization or a person and requirethem to analyse and choose if they are right or wrong. The medicalsector is faced by numerous ethical issues these have their effectson the daily activities of the organization. A good example of anethical issue facing the nursing area is euthanasia.
Nursesare faced with issues or dilemma as they perform their works on thepatients, dilemma always comes up when a nurse is caught in adecision making process when his patient at the brink of death is inso much pain that he or she needs to be relieved of the misery onlythrough death (Beauchamp, Childress, 2001). Not all nurses performeuthanasia. Euthanasia is regulated and there are laws and policiesthat must be followed when doing euthanasia in nursing. They include-testing the patient to make sure that he or she is at a point ofdeath so as to ascertain that the death of the patient is inevitableand he or she is in pain and suffering (Beauchamp, Childress, 2001).Policy has it that before euthanasia the patient must acknowledgethat indeed he/she want to be relieved of his pain, he/she should beof sane mind when making this decision (Beauchamp, Childress, 2001).
Thereare issues that are always considered during such conflicts such asthe state of mind of the patient, the state of health of the patientand his or her age it is rare to perform euthanasia on a youngerpatient. The level of the hospital and its facilities should be takeninto consideration, euthanasia should be done in the highest level ofthe hospital and low level of hospitals are not allowed to performeuthanasia. There must be consultation before initiating the process(Hofmann, 2005).
Thebest resolution to euthanasia according to ethics is through offeringthe patient guidance and hope that there is more to life in order tomotivate them and give them hope for recovery (Beauchamp, Childress,2001). Use of legislature and regulation on the use of euthanasia asa procedure in nursing to minimize cases of euthanasia in medicalcases (Hofmann, 2005). A resolution to euthanasia is also byintroducing new methods of relieving pain and suffering in patientsother than taking their life. Allowing the family members to alsotake part in the process of euthanasia and giving the decision-makingto the family members and not the patient is a new regulation thatshould be amended
Theseresolutions are backed by ethics because they take into considerationthe value of life irrespective of the status of a person arguing thatno matter how much one is feeling the value of life is more importantthan any other thing in our lifestyle. The resolution takes ontoaccount the family members of the patient (Beauchamp, Childress,2001). It provides safety for the patient himself to enable him orher make bad decision without considerations (Hofmann, 2005).
Theseresolutions provide a means of oversight as it allows for themonitoring of medical activities both by the stake holders and thesociety including the government through the acts so as to increasetheir involvement in the process of euthanasia
Theresources that were used include issuing questionnaires to get asmuch data as possible with mixed opinion in a local clinic, aninterview with a medical officer also made the information collectionfrom a professional perspective.
HofmannB. Toward a procedure for integrating moral issues in healthtechnology assessment. Int J Technol Assess Health Care 200521:312-8, PMID
BeauchampT, Childress J. principles of biomedical ethics. New York: oxfordUniversity Press 2001