Eastand Western Cultures
Theeast and western cultures differ due to their underlying philosophiesthat existed in the 1050 to 500 BCE. The western philosophiesweregreatly influenced by the Greek philosophers whose main aim wasto conduct investigations on nature. They were mainly interested inphysics and mathematics. Consequently, the western psychology isbased on the outside-in side approach to life. The Western psychologyaims to break down the events of life into smaller particles toprovide more understanding of life.1
Incontrast, the Eastern philosophies are guided by early philosophiessuch as Confucianism722-479 BCE.Confucianism is a philosophy thatcalls for inside out approach of psychology. Consequently, itadvocates for the use of human nature to ensure proper humanrelationships as the basis for the society.Specifically, Easternphilosophies call for social relationships.
Asresult, the two philosophies result in major cultural differences.The Western philosophies have resulted into detailed maps of thehuman outer being such as the body, the heart, the mind and thesurface structures of the self. In contrast, the inside outperception of the Eastern philosophies have led to the creation ofspiritual consciousness.
Inthe current era, the western psychology has generated massiveknowledge about the surface of the psyche. It has failed to penetrateinto the deeper mysteries. The western psychology only explores thesurface of consciousness since its instruments of investigations arelimited fragmentary wise. Specifically, the Western psychology hasresulted into the development of physiological devices to study humannature such as MRI’s, EEGs and PET scans.In contrast, the Easternpsychology has emerged with psychotherapy approaches such as theYoga. It advocates for the practice of the Yoga to analyse humanemotions.2
Nader,L. (2013). Cultureand dignity: Dialogues between the Middle East and the West.Hoboken, New Jersey: Wiley-Blackwell.
Chen,Y. (2006). Nationalculture and groups.Amsterdam: Elsevier JAI
1Nader, L. (2013). Culture and dignity: Dialogues between the Middle East and the West. Hoboken, New Jersey: Wiley-Blackwell.
2Chen, Y. (2006). National culture and groups. Amsterdam: Elsevier JAI