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Wilkinson has several major points. First, there is a directrelationship between per capita income and life expectancy. Countrieswith high GDP including the United States of America and Singaporeexhibit higher incomes per capita compared with other countries likeJapan. High per capita income comes with increased access to health.Secondly, the problems experienced in low-income areas differ fromthose n high per capita zones. Mathematics illiteracy, high mortalityrates, teenage pregnancies, and school dropouts and homicides areassociated with low incomes. The high-income countries have a verylow prevalence of these problems (Wilkinson, 2011). Another majorpoint that Wilkinson makes is that it does not matter the methodsthat a country uses to achieve equality provided it gets there.

Wilkinson discusses a surprising finding that indicates that there isno relationship between income and the general well-being of society.The welfare of society is not dependent on the economic growth of acountry. It value depends on the social relationship that societyupholds. Relationships based on equality leads to a betterdistribution of resources and therefore, improve the generalwell-being without exhibiting sharp differences in the same community(Wilkinson, 2011).

On status inequality, Wilkinson notes the fear of social judgment isa primary cause of stress. Tasks that expose individuals to socialscrutiny and lower their status contribute to the release of stresshormones. Inequality can help in guarding against the effects of athreatened social status (Wilkinson, 2011). The idea of high and lowincome is relative between countries. However, the reducing theinequality within a context can guard individuals from the fear ofsocial judgment and prevent status inequality.


Wilkinson, R.(2011). How Economic Inequality Harms Societies. TED.Retrieved from