Disaster and Intervention Strategies

Disasterand Intervention Strategies

PopulationHealth Intervention Strategies

Excessivealcohol consumption.

Itis among the leading causes of deaths that can be prevented in theUnited States. Alcoholism causes many societal and health problemsamong individuals. In a bid to fight alcoholism, interventions wererecommended, and research carried out on the effectiveness of therecommended intervention.

Electronicscreening and brief intervention were recommended. It involves usingelectronic devices to assess the drinking patterns of patients thenfor those who screen positive, personalized feedback is administeredabout the risks that come with it and consequences. This informationmust be delivered using an electronic device (Novick,et al. 2008).

Asa nurse, one can implement the strategy by conducting interviews thatare motivational. This can be done by assessing a patient’sreadiness to embrace change and emphasizing on personal freedom forone to choose drinking patterns. This mode of e-SBI can be deliveredin a health care facility. It is a tertiary prevention strategybecause it is done to soften the impact of the ongoing alcoholism.

Violence

Itcan be defined as an action that causes destruction, suffering orpain. It usually comes about as a result of many things includingexcessive consumption of alcohol, post-traumatic stress disordersamong others. Violence can cause severe injuries and as well asdeaths. They come as a result of conflict between people and also dueto suicidal behaviors.

Overtime violence has claimed a large number of lives. This has calledfor interventions and among the proposed interventions is thereduction of psychological harms from events that cause trauma inchildren and adolescents. Events that cause trauma include sexualand physical abuse, violence in school, home or within the community,severe illnesses as well as natural disasters. Exposure to suchexperiences may cause long-term health effects in human beings(Gonzales-Micklin,et al. 1998).

Cognitive-behavioralTherapy (CBT) can be carried out in adolescents and children who showsymptoms of post-traumatic disorders. The therapy can be administeredeither individually or in a group. As a nurse, carrying out thistherapy on children and adolescents might prove effective. This leadsto a reduction on the level of psychological harm in kids andadolescents hence lowering rates of deaths due to violence. Thetherapy does not, however, work best on children who are toodisruptive or them that are seriously suicidal. It is, therefore, asecondary preventive strategy as it is done to reduce the impact PTSdisorders have on children.

Disasterand communicable disease preparedness

Preparingfor a pandemic is key in reducing its hazardous effects. In the caseof influenza, one is required to know the magnitude of what canhappen during the pandemic and what actions can be taken to make itsimpact less. As a community health nurse, the following are thepoints I’d stress to the community in preparation for an influenzapandemic (Ben-Shlomo,et al. 2013).

Beforean outbreak, one needs to have extra supplies of food and water athand to cover at least two weeks. One should consider having healthsupplies and non-prescription drugs on hand. One should talk tofamily members and friends to find out how they expect to be caredfor in case they fell sick. As a nurse, I would tell people tovolunteer with local groups in preparation for the outbreak andprovide assistance in cases of emergency. During the pandemic, thereis supposed to be limited spread of germs to prevent the spread ofinfection. Simple practices like avoiding close contact with theinfected, washing hands and covering mouth and nose when coughing orsneezing are advised. This is basic hygiene practices. My communityis not well prepared for a pandemic at the moment as we lack even themost basic of skills to deal with any form of disaster. The communityneeds to get educated on preparedness for a disaster and communicablediseases.

References

Ben-Shlomo,Y., Brookes, S., Hickman, M., &amp Farmer, R. D. T. (2013).&nbspLecturenotes.Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell.

Novick,L. F., Morrow, C. B., &amp Mays, G. P. (2008).&nbspPublichealth administration: Principles for population-based management.Sudbury, Mass: Jones and Bartlett Pub.

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Gonzales-Micklin,G. H., &amp Pan American Health Organization. (1985).&nbspCommunicablediseases and disaster preparedness: A selected bibliography.Washington, D.C: Pan American Health Organization. EmergencyPreparedness and Disaster Relief Coordination Program.

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