Cultural Competency Assessment

CulturalCompetency Assessment

CulturalCompetency Assessment

JavierMorata is a Mexican who currently resides in Texas USA.

Overviewof Mexico country

Mexicois a country which is located in North America. It is boarded to theNorth by Texas State, Arizona, New Mexico and California, all ofwhich are states in the USA. To the South, it is boarded by Guatemalaand Belize. Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico are situated on Mexico’sEastern parts while to the west lies the Pacific Ocean. Mexicocountry occupies a total area of 1972550 sq. km. Its weather divergesfrom the tropical to the desert while the terrain encourages deserts,low coastal plains, great rugged mountains and highly placedplateaus. Mexico has a total of thirty one states with Mexico Citybeing its capital.

Mexicocomprises of several ethnic clusters but the Amerindian Spanish crowdaccounts for the majority at about 60percent. PredominantlyAmerindian people account for 30percent while 9percent are whites.Initially, there are many ethnic groups like the Maya, Zapotec, Aztecand others. The colonization by the Spaniards which took placebetween 1521 and 1810 led to the anguish of Spanish culture andeventual loss of great part of the Aztec culture. Presently theirculture is a mélange of Spanish and Aztec ((Wood, 2012).


Largeportions (92.7percent) of Mexicans speak Spanish language. Theremaining six percent speak both Spanish and some other aboriginallanguages like Mayan, Nahuati as well as the other religiousdialects.

FamilyRoles and Organizations

TheMexican observes high values on the hierarchy and structures infamily patterns. In rural area, families are normally large and mostof the members are conscious of their responsibilities to bothimmediate and extended family relations. A large part of their familyvalues and customs include making visitors feel comfortable andhosting parties or get-togethers at their homes

Mexicansfamily units are usually large and are synonymous with strongconnection amongst family members. Parents and family systems ingeneral are regarded with a high level of respect. Additionally,there exist traditional gender roles (Wood, 2012).

Asmuch as Mexican family system tends to be patrachial, it is themother who is frequently in charge of the healthcare. When a familyfellow is ill, there is usually family crisis as well as often, therewill be numerous people who are in control of the healthcare.


Culinarynorms in Mexico vary widely depending on the societal class as wellas income standing. The diet of the waged Mexicans include staplessuch as wheat tortillas or corns, beans, rice, tomato, chili peppersas well as chorica, a type of pork sausage. Majority of Mexicansprefer spicy foods having a lot of heat.

Onthe other hand, the diet of middle as well as upper-income Mexicansis widely comparable to that of many Americans as well as Europeans.This includes a wide range of food items done in a wide variety ofculinary styles (Wood, 2012).

Nonetheless,Mexicans identify with an eatery known as tequila, which is preparedfrom an agave cactus well good to the environment of the centralMexico.

Pregnancyand Child rearing practices

Theregular children number per household has diminished in the recentperiods. Infants watched for at their maternal homes and some arealso brought up at remote nurseries at the stage of about 3 months.The official age for attending a kindergarten is four and thiseducation takes two years in Mexico. Children found in Mexico arequickly assimilated into the happenings of grown-ups nonethelessthey are thoroughly sheltered as well as discouraged from discoveringtheir surroundings on their own (Timmins, 2012).

Afterthe completion of kindergarten, they are required to proceed toprimary education which takes a duration of six years. However, inMexico most public schools place much emphasis on civic values andlay education while their private counterparts prefer religiouseducation. In schools, relationships between teachers and childrentend to be stringent.

Roleand the rule discrepancy between the boys as well as the girls beginat a tender age and constitute an important aspect of child raisinguntil adolescent. For instance, male children dress in blue while thefemale ones dress in soft pink. Sexual educations still remains ataboo in most Mexican families.


Mexico’sgreatest noteworthy religious ceremonies are resolute by the catholiccalendar. The Easter stands out as the most central of them all.However, death rituals play an important role in their culture. Suchceremonies are usually conspicuously expressed in the celebrations ofthe days of death, which are 1st in addition to 2ndof November. During this period, Mexicans position alters for thedeceased in their homes with drinks, different dishes in addition toobjects such as skulls made of chocolate and sugar. All these aredone to invite the dead to return to earth. Majority of Mexicansequally visit graveyards and also adorn the graves using flowers.This will occasionally be followed by long prayers and memory sharingmoments about the dead (McManus, 2013).

Healthcare practitioners and spirituality

Hispanicspresume a caregiver to express warmth to a patient and also thefamily members. A health practitioner should be observant, take hertime, display reverence and if probable communicate or talk inSpanish. Mexicans also have serious respect for caregiver’s more soif they exhibit confidence (Wood, 2012).

Thereexists a tradition in a section of Mexicans that dictates that acertain body balance is necessary for good health. When one is sick,it is because they are out of balance, either too cold or too hot. Totreat this, they believe that a patient ought to consume food ormedicine whose temperature is opposite that of the patient. Forinstance, vitamin c is regarded as a cold food and therefore isinappropriate in the treatment of cold diseases such as upperrespiratory tract infections. Penicillin, which is considered hot,should not be prescribed for hot ailments like fever. According totheir belief, cold diseases have invisible symptoms while hotdiseases have visible symptoms.

Awarenessof this belief is important and as a practitioner, it is alwaysadvisable to inquire if there could be any disagreement to takingmedication as per their beliefs. While, most medicine can be boughtfreely in profitable pharmacies, some Mexicans still prefer folk-health providers


Statistically,labor force in Mexico consisted of 46.99 million in 2013. Majority ofthis workforce are men. However, female financial contribution isincreasing speedily. It is widely presumed that women are in a job innon-registered as well as underpaid easygoing accomplishments.


Someof the high risk behaviors that are usually associated with Mexicans,especially women are there minimal knowledge about HIV and Aids. Thisis partly attributable to the fact that most of them are immigrantswho crosses the borders often. The trend is synonymous withinfidelity, blood donations and even transfusions. Certain culinarynorms such as high consumption of junk foods also contribute to highrates of diabetes in Mexico. Mexico is the country with the highestproportion of obese population in the world (Timmins, 2012).


Mexicois a megadiverse nation since it contains about 10percent ofbiological diversity found on earth. It is also megacultural nationin the sense that it has 11 linguistic kinfolks, 68 languageconfederacies as well as 364 language invariants. Mexico’sbiological diversity is as a result of its geological history,geographical location and heterogeneous topography. Linguistically,much of current Mexico’s area is the location of one of the centralcenters that advanced on the American landmass many years ago.


McManus,L. (2013). Mexican culture. Chicago, Ill.: Heinemann Library

Timmins,S. (2012). My Health, My Faith, My Culture a guide for healthcarepractitioners. Keswick: M &amp K Update.

Wood,I. (2012). Initial management of acute medical patients a guide fornurses and healthcare practitioners (2nd ed.). Chichester, WestSussex: Wiley-Blackwell.