Children`s Functional Health Pattern Assessment

Children’s FunctionalHealth Pattern Assessment

Functional Health Pattern Assessment (FHP)

Toddler

Erickson’s Developmental Stage:

Preschool-Aged

Erickson’s Developmental Stage:

School-Aged

Erickson’s Developmental Stage:

Pattern of Health Perception and Health Management:

List two normal assessment findings that would be characteristic for each age group.

List two potential problems that a nurse may discover in an assessment of each age group.

A toddler will normally say when he/she has a discomfort.

The toddler does not know how to brush her/his teeth or wash hands.

They can communicate when they are feeling unwell.

They know their external body very well.

These ones know the functioning of their body very well.

They may relate their health status to culture.

They may have cavities and any other body injuries if they are not taken care of well.

They feel like they are a target if they are small of age.

Unstable immune system makes them prone to diseases.

They careless about their hygiene.

They may copy poor health practices practiced by their parents.

Nutritional-Metabolic Pattern:

List two normal assessment findings that would be characteristic for each age group.

List two potential problems that a nurse may discover in an assessment of each age group.

They can feed themselves using the spoons and their hands.

They will rarely breastfeed.

They engage in simple tasks at homes.

They don’t know the difference between healthy and unhealthy foods.

They can differentiate healthy and unhealthy foods.

They can engage themselves in complicated tasks at home.

They are victims of low vitamins and minerals.

They develop problems when trying to swallow the food.

They are prone to allergies.

They are vulnerable to obesity and underweight.

Experience metabolism problems.

Their health is affected by obesity and anorexia.

Pattern of Elimination:

List two normal assessment findings that would be characteristic for each age group.

List two potential problems that a nurse may discover in an assessment of each age group.

The toddler can be taught how to use the toilet.

The toddler should be kept dry always.

They can use the toilet effectively.

They should be taught proper hygiene like flushing the toilet after use.

They should dress up themselves.

They can be able to observe the general hygiene

Training the toddler how to use the toilet should be a step by step process.

Parents should be calm on the toddlers in case the toddler fails to follow what she/he has been trained.

In case they don’t know how to use the toilet, their friends make fun of them.

They at times fail to flush the toilet or wash hands.

They normally wet their beds.

They are subject to urination and constipation.

Pattern of Activity and Exercise:

List two normal assessment findings that would be characteristic for each age group.

List two potential problems that a nurse may discover in an assessment of each age group.

They learn new skills when doing the same activities continuously.

They learn ideas one by one.

They have friends and are they are very creative.

They normally hang around with other children who play with them.

They are generally active on anything they do.

They can participate in various activities at school.

Prone to injuries because they can’t differentiate the good and bad.

Are not interested with outdoor activities.

Staying alone may lead to social problems.

Non-educational shows enable them to have an interest in learning.

Many of them like watching TV and videos.

Too much engagement in sports by their parents makes them feel pressured psychologically to perform in sports.

Cognitive/Perceptual Pattern:

List two normal assessment findings that would be characteristic for each age group.

List two potential problems that a nurse may discover in an assessment of each age group.

They can learn about the new things they see, and how to use them.

They can remember objects by names.

Developmental problems are common if the parents do not take their duties serious.

They are subject to injuries due to their physical development changes.

They like questioning anything they feel like.

Most of them are very social.

They can understand the feelings of others.

They are keen of their culture and its influence on them.

They blame other people or friends of their failures.

They have bad memory skills because of the several things they learn.

They have hard times in speaking and writing.

They lack the fundamental capability to perform some duties.

Pattern of Sleep and Rest:

List two normal assessment findings that would be characteristic for each age group.

List two potential problems that a nurse may discover in an assessment of each age group.

They sleep a lot and at most two times a day

They are normally washed before a nap.

Their sleep is much more limited than when they were toddlers.

They should be taught to read books during bedtime.

These kids do not need any nap.

They do not like to sleep.

If they sleep for more than 12 hours, their health condition should be monitored.

They are not active when tired.

They are prone to nightmares.

If they don’t sleep well, their activities during the day will be minimized.

They are prone to talking or walking while asleep.

Parents should be near them to avoid much injury.

Pattern of Self-Perception and Self-Concept:

List two normal assessment findings that would be characteristic for each age group.

List two potential problems that a nurse may discover in an assessment of each age group.

They imitate what they see and hear.

The can respond when their names are shouted.

If they are too social, they will be more successful.

They will do most things by themselves like dressing.

They are self-esteemed.

They do most things competitively.

Slow response to their names when called means the toddler may have sensory problems.

They tend to demand what they want and often behave strangely when their needs are not made.

They are disappointed by their own actions.

They are sensitive to every criticism made to them.

Disabled kids feel ashamed of themselves.

They do not worry about their bad hygiene.

Role-Relationship Pattern:

List two normal assessment findings that would be characteristic for each age group.

List 2 potential problems that a nurse may discover in an assessment of each age group.

They are always scared of strangers before them.

They are interested in the actions of the adults.

They have a very strong attraction to their loved ones.

They understand the difference in genders.

They have numerous friends from every environment.

They understand their roles in the family.

Frustrations are common with them.

The kid has a strong attraction towards one parent.

They learn from their older kids.

They like playing alone latter than playing with others.

Parents should control their behavior.

They like spending time with their friends.

Sexuality – Reproductive Pattern:

List two normal assessment findings that would be characteristic for each age group.

List two potential problems that a nurse may discover in an assessment of each age group.

They like masturbating for even what they don’t know.

They like touching the genitals when the diapers are being exchanged.

They know the existence of two genders.

They are always curious of the opposite gender.

They think about sex.

The signs of adolescent are common in this stage.

When they cry a lot, it may be a health problem.

They can know the sexual behavior of their parents.

They are taught of social values if they don’t play with their toys.

Parents should guide them in case of sex advices.

Their clothing style can be that which attracts sexual attention.

They have contradicting roles especially if they are of the same sex.

Pattern of Coping and Stress Tolerance:

List two normal assessment findings that would be characteristic for each age group.

List two potential problems that a nurse may discover in an assessment of each age group.

They can adapt to any situation.

When they are in fear, they tend to hold to their parents.

They use dolls when emphasizing on security.

They do what they like doing most.

When in stress, they talk to friends or listen to music.

They can handle a good percentage of stress.

Controlling less temperamental kids in future can be hard.

The parents should take responsibility of the behaviors of the toddler.

They are regressive in nature when they don’t want to follow orders of the parents.

They usually day dream.

Competition adds weight on their stress.

Depression is common in case of health issues of a family member.

Pattern of Value and Beliefs:

List two normal assessment findings that would be characteristic for each age group.

List two potential problems that a nurse may discover in an assessment of each age group.

These kids always need a positive feedback from parents.

They learn of the right things from their home.

They can control their emotions.

They like attending religious issues.

They are influenced by cultural and religious activities.

They know the wrong activities.

Toddlers are attended to when they misbehave.

Parents should entice the kids with presents when they behave in the right manner.

They at times act negatively in public.

Bad behaviors from social media affect them negatively.

They are very cheeky.

Some lack manners to the elderly.

ShortAnswer Questions

Addressthe following based on the above assessment findings. Expectedanswers will be 1-2 paragraphs in length. Cite and reference outsidesources used.

  1. Compare and contrast identified similarities as well as differences in expected assessment across the childhood age groups.

Eriksonhas suggested three stages, toddler, preschool-aged and school-aged, in child development (Erikson, 2014). The toddler will be assessedunder autonomy and shame/doubt, the preschool-aged kid will beassessed under initiative and guilt, and the school-aged will beassessed under industry and inferiority (Edelman and Mandle, 2010).The common problems among the toddlers are taking care of their teeththat lead to cavity problems and are also vulnerable to environmentalhazards. Preschoolers fail to understand why they get ill and don’tunderstand the functioning of their internal body. The school-agedtend to relate their health to culture and also tend to copy thehealth hygiene of the parents.

  1. Summarize how a nurse would handle physical assessments, examinations, education, and communication differently with children versus adults. Consider spirituality and cultural differences in your answer.

Takingcare of a child by a professional nurse is the same care given to theparents of the child. It’s always advisable for a nurse to talk tothe parents of a toddler or a preschool-aged before that kid whentaking care of that kid (Jarvis, 2015). This will give the kid anassurance that the parents are in line with the nurse concerning thetreatment, and the kid should agree as well. The parent can providethe health history of the toddler or preschool kid as well. Whereverthe nurse is attending the child, the parent should be physicallypresent in the room to increase the comfort of the kid. The nurseshould try to understand the communication of the kid while in painso that he can know when the kid needs attention. If the treatmentsinclude taking off clothes, the parent and the child should agree onthat. The nurse should make the kid comfortable by using simplelanguage and even allow the kid to monitor the treatment apparatus.The nurse should assure both the parent and the kid that all she isdoing is meant for treatment purposes only and does not contravenetheir religion or culture.

References

Edelman, C. &amp Mandle, C. (2010). Health Promotion through theLife Span. Mosby.

Erikson, H.E. (2014). Childhood and Society. Random HousePublishers.

Jarvis, C. (2015). Physical Examination and Health Assessment.Elsevier Science Health Assessment.

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