Careers in Psychology

Careersin Psychology

Careersin Psychology

Psychologyis a broad field of study that offers numerous career options tograduates. Although many undergraduates undertake similar units, theyget the opportunity to specialize in different careers within thefield of profession at the post-graduate levels. The wide range ofcareers in psychology gives graduates the opportunity to specializein specific faculties that will help them achieve their respectivecareer objectives. This paper will focus on two types of careers,including a career in educational psychology and cognitivepsychology. The paper will focus on reasons for being interested inthe two careers, career overview, educational and skillsrequirements, and areas where one with the two backgrounds can work.


Ifind a career in educational psychology more interesting because itwill help me achieve my goals in life, which including working withchildren with learning difficulties. Although I and my relatives donot have a leaning difficulties, I have a passion for students whodisadvantaged by their physical or mental disabilities. I intend towork with them and explore the most effective teaching strategies aswell as the learning strategies that can help this category oflearners become at par with other students.

Anoverview of a career in educational psychology

Educationalpsychology involves conducting research in the field of educationwith the objective of understanding how different people orcategories of students learn. These research projects helpeducational psychologists design teaching methods and as well asmaterials that can be used to enhance intellectual, learning,emotional, and social development of different categories of students(Mumby, 2015). Most importantly, an educational psychologist ismandated to analyze different characteristics as well as theadjustment needs of the needs of both the inferior and superiorstudents. This gives educational psychologist an opportunity toinvestigate the learning needs of disabled and learners with otherspecial needs.

Educationaland skills requirement

Theminimum entry level of an educational psychology is an undergraduatedegree in the field of psychology. At an advanced level, one may berequired to have a master’s or a PhD in educational psychology(Psychology Career Center, 2015). An advanced educationalpsychologist may have an EdD, which is a special doctorate degree ineducational psychology instead of the normal PhD. An educationalpsychology should have multiple skills, including the communicationskills, observational, listening, sensitivity, and the ability torelate young adults and children.

Whereeducational psychologists work

Mostof the people with a background in educational psychology areemployed by local education authorities. This means that they work incolleges, schools, special units, and nurseries (American PsychologyAssociation, 2015). However, some of them choose to work as privateand independent consultants. Responsibilities of educationalpsychologist depend on the settings in which they work. When workingin school settings, educational psychologists collaborate withteaching to develop tests to evaluate the learning abilities ofdifferent students and select suitable teaching strategies for thoselearners. Educational psychologists who work as consultants offeradvice to institutions of learning and public educational agencies onsuitable teaching methods for students with different learningchallenges.


Iam interested in a career in cognitive psychology because it involvesa study of how people process, store, and use information to makedecisions. This will give me an opportunity to study and understandthe source of differences in the way different students process,store, and utilize information during the learning process. This willin turn help me achieve my ultimate career goal, which is to developteaching strategies for learners with special needs.

Overviewof a career as a cognitive psychologist

Cognitivepsychology entails conducting empirical studies and using theirfindings to analyze how human beings collect, process, store theinformation in their brains, and use it to solve problems, engage indeductive learning, and acquire language skills (APA, 2015). Acognitive psychologist may then use the findings of the research tohelp people comprehend their behaviors as well as the behavior ofthose around them.

Skillsand educational requirements

Astarting cognitive psychologist should have a bachelor’s degree inthe field of psychology. However, a specialist should have a PhD incognitive psychology, which may be in different subfields, such ascognitive neurosis, computational cognitive science, or cognitiveneuropsychology (APA, 2015). Some of the skills that a cognitivepsychologist should have include mentoring, excellent listening,critical thinking, teaching, and analytical skills.

Wherecognitive psychologists work

Inmost cases, cognitive psychologists work in research facilities,universities, rehabilitation facilities, government agencies,hospitals, treatment centers, and private practices (APA, 2015). Thekey responsibilities of a cognitive psychologist include taking partin research projects that involve the study of thought processes,offering treatment for people with cognitive problems, studying thecognitive processes of mentally insane as well as convictedcriminals, and helping children with information processing andmemory problems. From this list of responsibilities, it is clear thatthe duties of a cognitive psychologist vary with their work setting.


Thelarge numbers of career options that are available in the field ofpsychology give graduates an opportunity to pursue their careerobjectives easily. A career in educational psychology and educationalpsychology will help me conduct research on the factors that leads todifferent learning capabilities among students in similar grades. Theresearch will be help in the development of unique teachingstrategies and learning settings for learners with special needs.


AmericanPsychology Association (2015). Divisions. APA.Retrieved November 16, 2015, from

Mumby,G. (2015). What kinds of career opportunities exist in psychology?GraduateSchool.Retrieved November 16, 2015, from

PsychologyCareer Center (2015). Educational psychologist career information,jobs, degree, and training programs. PCC.Retrieved November 16, 2015, from