Sincecapitalism preceded Communism, it is only logical to conceive thefact that they are related. While capitalism puts the interest of theindividual as priority, communism focuses on society. The extremeforces in these points of view prove their rivalry, interaction, andtherefore relationship. Before the introduction of capitalism, forinstance, people worked for their own interest and gain, they soughtto attain their gain at their own pace without pressure and influencefrom other sources as bosses and employers. There was little or noneed to convince the masses into ideologies to protect and sustaintheir interests. Karl Marx’s assertion of communism because ofcapitalism is logical and factual. The purpose of this paper is todetermine whether the initial capitalist’s idea resulted in therise of the infamous communist leadership afterwards.
Untilthe end of the 18thCentury, most of the world population focused on their own work.Every household would work at their own pace without competition orambitions to exploit others (Harman). According to Harman, capitalismintroduced the separating gap between the rich and poor (the upperand lower classes in society). As the gap grew, the upper class(entrepreneurs) increased their wealth at the expense of the poorworkers who succumbed to mistreatment and poor living standards. Thedependence of the majority low class population on the few upperclasses led to desperation consequently leading to rebellion andopposition (Harman).
Accordingto Brown, the rebellion resulted in socialism as the people withcommon problems shared most of their time. They shared theirgrievances and discussed the appropriate solutions naturally. As thebusiness owners’ rivalry increased, they exploited the workers inorder to increase their production and compete favorably. It is thisexploitation (characterized by poor working conditions and meagerpay) that developed mistrust and opposition from workers (Brown 32).A rising need for organized opposition emerged. Communist leaders,Harman explains, rose as daring workers who chose to seek formal waysto protect the workers from the dire situation.
Fromcapitalism to communism
Thecommunist ideology soon emerged and evolved from socialism. Theworkers who were once peasants satisfied with their work and theirspecific tasks grew angry from the realization that the rich gotricher from their hard work. According to Marx the capitalistindustrial revolution created crowded urban centers with limitedresources and extra working hours without satisfaction (Harman). Itis the desire for satisfaction from work (that they previouslyenjoyed) that made the low class feels depleted and unfairly treated.
Twentieth-centurycommunism has its roots in the early nineteenth century rebellionsuch as the French Revolution in Paris in 1789 and 1799 as well as inGreat Britain and indeed, the entire Europe. Industrialization causedurbanization and unfair conditions that provoked numerous instancesof rebellion comprised of violent protests over not only economicinjustices but also social, cultural, philosophical and politicalissues (Jeffries). Hobsbawn and Rae note that the modern ideologiescomprising nationalism, socialism and eventually communism werefirst born after the famous protests at the close of the 18thcentury and mid-19thcentury. They critically addressed the ideologies of economicindividualism and feudalism that ensured the development ofcapitalism across Europe.
Inconclusion, capitalism led to the rise of communism because there wasneed to address the rising injustices on the majority populationworking for the few entrepreneurs whose only focus was competing tocreate wealth. Since the free market has, to date, created andsustained poverty across the world, a solution to create a form ofbalance became naturally necessary. This paper sought to determinewhether the development of capitalism led to the rise of communism.It has shown the historical evolution of the ideologies with focus inEurope.
Brown,Archie. TheRise and Fall of Communism.U.S.A: Harper Collins books, 2010. Print.
Harman,Chris. Therise of Capitalism.InternationalSocialism,29thNov. 2004. Web. 30 Nov. 2015.
Jeffries,Stuart. Why Marxism is on the rise again. TheGuardian, 4July 2012. Web. 30 Nov. 2015.