Basal Ganglia


Basalganglia can be stated as being a compilation of nuclei that is foundon both sides of the thalamus in which both are found in the brain ofwhich are located in the cerebral cortex. For one to have a disorderthat will result to basal ganglia, the individual must have obtainedan injury to the brain. The conditions that contribute to such aninjury do include drug overdose, head injury, infection, liverdisease, metabolic problems, poisoning through carbon monoxide,tumors, the side effect of certain medications and even stroke itselfcan lead to basal ganglia (Steiner &amp Tseng. 2010). It has alsobeen made evident on other conditions that contribute to braindisorders that are associated with basal ganglia disorders that arelike, Huntington disease, progressive supranuclear palsy, andmultiple system atrophy.

Foran individual to be noted, identified or be diagnosed with thisdisorder their motor control does tend to not only go off the line,one cannot be in a position to conduct normal activities as the braingets distorted (Steiner &amp Tseng. 2010). The largely affectedparts of the human brain are the part ones that deal with movement.The mobility of individual gets to a poor level whereby one is not ina position to fully operate anybody activities like walking properly.Additionally basal ganglion has been known to cause tremors that arefrom several reviews made, though this is yet to be fully confirmed(Steiner &amp Tseng. 2010). From the various disorders that formedwhen one is going through the basal ganglia that include impairmentof movement in cognition, memory, mood, and movement. Most people whogo through such symptoms do not realize that they do require mentaltreatment not until the symptoms persist that is when they do realizethat they do have basal ganglia through tests conducted in a healthfacility.

Thecollection of nuclei that form the basal ganglia occurs on both sidesof the thalamus, that is the outside and above the limbic systemthough a bit below the cingulated gyrus meaning within the temporallobes. Glutamate being the familiar neurotransmitter in every part inthe brain, inhibitory neurotransmitter that stands for GABA does playa major role in the basal ganglia (Spetzler, Kondziolk, Higashida, &ampKalani, 2015). Corpus striatum is the largest group of the nuclei’sthat form the basal ganglia it’s composed up of the caudatenucleus that is the tail, the putamen that is the shell, the globuspallidus that stands for the pale globe and finally the nucleusaccumbens that means learning.

Achallenge that one may find while dealing with this specific disorderdoes die or go through a lifelong treatment which simply means thatthere shall be a lot of expenses that at one time be too much to payfor. Another challenge that comes up with a patient who has thisdisorder is that one has to pass through various tests, this isdifficult to find the exact part of the brain that has been highlyaffected (Spetzler, Kondziolk, Higashida, &amp Kalani, 2015). Insome cases, the detection of the area in which focus should beswitched on. If an individual is suffering from this particulardisorder, they are prawn to the slowness of movement which simplymeans that one cannot perform any activities, and thus they will needspecial care. A person with basal ganglia may later result in adeeper brain disorder that one may never recover from. Additionallyone who’s suffering from this disorder may suffer more in the handsof treatments that are not legitimate, the main aim being that theyare out there to take advantage of sick people. The main challenge isthat all who are diagnosed with this disorder don’t find doctorswho are specialized in the brain disorder sector (Spetzler,Kondziolk, Higashida, &amp Kalani, 2015).

Somechallenges do come up while dealing with this brain disorder as it isnot easy to precisely detect where the problem in the brain might be.Another challenge includes obtaining the rights equipment that willassist in the detection and treatment of basal ganglia (Reti, 2015).Lack of enough doctors trained in the specialty of brain disorders isanother issue that creates a challenge for earlier detection by askilled individual may assist in treatment. The major challenge indealing with the disorder is that it is yet to be known where thedisorder exactly projects from, if proper research was conducted thenit would be easy to provide better and efficient results of treatment(Reti, 2015). The disorder is still yet to b known of its true originwithin the brain this disorder does have several symptoms thatrelate it to other diseases that have similar symptoms. Due to itssimilar symptoms with other illnesses, makes it hard for a doctor tooffer and provide the proper treatment required.

Intreating this disorder, deep brain stimulation is a therapy that hasbeen found to being applied in trying to regain abnormal movementswith a person suffering from this specific brain disorder (Reti,2015). Through this deep brain stimulation it has been made evidenton how it has positively provided efficient results, this means thatit has been taken as being the effective way to dealing with basalganglia.


Steiner,H. &amp Tseng. (2010). Handbookof basal ganglia structure and function.Amsterdam: Elsevier/Academic Press.

Spetzler,R., Kondziolka, D., Higashida, R. &amp Kalani, Y. (2015).Comprehensivemanagement of arteriovenous malformations of the brain and spine.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Reti,I. (2015). Brainstimulation : methodologies and interventions.Hoboken, New Jersey: Wiley Blackwell.