APPLICATION OF PSYCHOLOGY IN MY CAREER 5
Applicationof Psychology in My Career
Applicationof Psychology in my Career
Apparently,the whole world works under the principles of psychology. People,animals and every other thing that comes into interaction with eachother aregovernedby principles of psychology, most of which are never understood bythe people they affect. In the book Scientific American: Psychologyby Deborah M. Litch Misty G. Hull and Coco Ballantyne, theseprinciples are brought out clearly in addition to the effects theyhave on people every day in different situations. Forthe purposes ofthis essay, I will discuss the various ways in which the principlesof psychology affect my life now and are likely to affect my careerin the future.
Thefirst aspect of psychology that affects my life is consciousness.These principles have been defined differently by variouspsychologists, but the definition that isgivenby Deborah M. Litch Misty G. Hull and Coco Ballantyne in their bookis “thesubjective state of being currently aware of something either withinoneself or outside of oneself.” From the definition, it is clearthat in my life as a psychologist, I will be needed to maintain ahigh level of consciousness in every task that I undertake. My jobwill involve dealing with various kinds of people and professionals.In the course of these interactions, there will be communications andexchange of information, which will require me to be alert at alltimes to benefit myself and others in the best way ever. As such,consciousness is a principlethat will appear nowand thenin the course of my career,and I must learn how to deal with it. I must be able to interpretother people’s thought process so as to be of use to the society inwhich I exist.
Consciousnessis often confused with memory in many cases. People tend to thinkthat if one can maintain and recall the memoryof certain events, then they are conscious. The authors maintain thatmemory and consciousness are two very different principles or aspectsof psychology. Being able to recall does not simply mean that one isconscious of themselves. A good example that DeborahM. Litch Misty G. Hull and Coco Ballantyne use to explain thedistinction between the two terms is that patients under surgery orother medical procedures usually talk and respond to conversation andquestions. Some of them even recall the events from the procedure,but that does not mean that they were conscious at the time.Consciousness is a more involving principle and process that goesbeyond memorizing what one has beenexposedto in the form of stimuli or conversations.
Selectiveattention is yet another principle in psychology that has a lot to dowith my future career as a psychologist. Selective attention involvesdeciding what to give attention to at certain times. A good exampleis when a psychology student is trying to study while other people inthe same room are watching TV, listening to music or areinvolvedin some other distractive events. Inorder tofocus and grasp the content the student is reading, they will have toexercise selective attention in which all the attention isfocusedon the book being read. This way, even though the environment is notconducive, the student can still manage to understand what they arereading. This principle is very important in my career and life ingeneral at certain times. I understand that as a psychologist, I willhave to face situations in which there are several other stimuli ordisturbances within the work environment, and inorder forme to maintain focus, I will have to shut everything else out andonly focus on what I am supposed to do. However, it is not alwaysthat this principle is useful. In fact, there are certain situationsin which it is dangerous to practice selective attention. Forinstance, when a friend sends a message while trying to cross a busystreet, one may have to focus on the traffic and at the same time onthe message. Losing all attention to the message may cause anaccident. Closely associated withselective attention is inattentionblindness. In fact,inattentional blindness is a form of selective attention, only thatit happens with the eyesight.Here, one fails to see objects in their direct line of view.
Sleepof great importance to all animals and people. Somehow, all animalsengage in some formofsleep or rest activity. The ways in which various animals do thisvaries. For instance, horses can sleep while standing while dolphinssleep while swimming. The amount of sleep varies just in the sameway. For people, 7-8 hours is recommendable,and most people will stay mentally and physically healthy duringthose hours of sleep. The importance of sleep in the course of mycareer cannot beemphasizedenough. I will need to sleep every day tokeep my body energized and fit enough to fulfill my duties. The sleepI get will need to be of high quality and adequate. Besides sleep,resting also rejuvenates the body of its energy and prepares one totake on yet another day of hard work.
Inconclusion, our world is controlled by simple principles that play amajor role in our lives. These principles are necessary to my careerjust like they are to that of any other person. Failure to observethem has undesirable consequences.
Litch,M.D., Hull, G., Ballantyne, C. (2014). ScientificAmerican: Psychology.Worth Publishers.