Analysisof Nursing Shortage in the United Stated
In our integrative review of the report on the health care workersshortage, we examined 15 reports that mainly focused on the nursingin America. The research was conducted on various healthstakeholders. The report was conducted in various contexts includingnatural, partially controlled, and high controlled areas (AmericanAssociation of Colleges of Nursing 2001). The results of the reportwere presented to the federal government and the nursing authority toavert the nursing crisis in America.
The AACN`s 2001 Annual Report reported that only 1.89 million fulltime nurses were employed in America in 2000. Therefore, thepopulace had a shortage of 2million nurses. According to the nationalcenter for health workforce analysis, the number of people employedrepresented a shortage of 6% in every American state (AmericanAssociation of Colleges of Nursing 2001). Most people predict adeficit of 1.5 million nurses shortage every year. However, theshortage is perceived to hamper health delivery in America with mostpeople complaining of poor health services in the public healthfacilities. The AACN`s 2001 Annual Report explains how the shortagerepresents the workforce crisis among the American populace. Thearticle explains how the shortage is acute among the highly populatedindividuals in various American backgrounds. For instance, thearticle explains how most people in the densely populated Kentuckyareas complained how the nursing shortage has claimed many lives inthe region. In the survey conducted by the American Association ofcollege of Nursing (AACN) in 2010, 220 universities reported 379faculty vacancies, which lead to the schools’ turning away almost5,000 qualified applicants (American Association of Colleges ofNursing 2001). The shortage was experienced since most qualifiednurses changed their careers to educators.
The research conducted in the densely populated areas of Texasindicated that there were more patients and fewer nurses in the area.As the life expectancy in America increases, several people aresurviving serious maladies and living longer with the chronicdiseases. Moreover, more nurses are retiring and leaving theprofession, and the situation has led to the crisis in the healthfraternity. According to Committee on Quality Health Care in America,Institute of Medicine, most people are leaving the nursing professionbecause they are offered lucrative opportunities in various sectors(Committee on Quality Health Care in America, Institute of Medicine2002). In the early 90s, hospital restructuring and cost cuttingeliminated several practitioners from the profession. The heavypatient loads in hospitals burden most nurses in the healthfraternity. The heavy patients’ loads overwork the nurses thus,leaving most nurses with an option of leaving the profession.According to American Association of Colleges of Nursing Research,40% of the nurses corresponded expressed their dissatisfactory withthe career (American Association of Colleges of Nursing 2001).Moreover, 43% of the corresponded explained how they are notcommitted to the profession because huge workloads (AmericanAssociation of Colleges of Nursing 2001).
Most of the corresponded explained how they are leaving theprofession because people underrate their career. A British studyportrayed how 65% of the nurses who expressed their dissatisfactionwith the career have a great possibility of leaving the profession.Many myriad factors lead to the widespread dissatisfaction among thenurses. For instance, lack of a strong professional practiceenvironment. Most nurses expressed how their careers were in jeopardyof violation because people despise them. According to the researchconducted in the public hospitals in Pennsylvania, many hospitals hada ratio of 1: 30 and this explains how the professionals areoverworked in different parts of America. Therefore, additionalpatients per nurse have a chance of increasing the burnout risk by23% and this led to most nurses expressing their displeasure with thecareer (Committee on Quality Health Care in America, Institute ofMedicine 2002). Additionally, others are forced to work overtime dueto the shortage (Committee on Quality Health Care in America,Institute of Medicine 2002).
American Association of Colleges of Nursing. (2001). AACN`s 2001Annual Report.
American Association of Colleges of Nursing. (2001). EnrollmentsAre Rising at U.S. Nursing Colleges and Universities, Ending aSix-Year Period of Decline, Washington, D.C., 2001b December.
Committee on Quality Health Care in America, Institute ofMedicine.(2002). Crossing the quality chasm: a new health caresystem for the 21st century. Washington, DC: National AcademyPress 2001. [Context Link]