Addressing Sustainability Issues in HRM, NS

Researchon Factors Affecting Marine Biodiversity

Research on information needs and the assessment addressessustainability by enhancing both ecological and biological integritythe coastal biodiversity. Similarly, the safety of the wetlands andfisheries connected to the ecosystems can be made top priorities bythe research works. The studies at regular intervals on the coastalecosystem in the province can also give a substantial measure ofstatus and the trends linked to the different types of plants andanimals at risk. (Beazley et al., 2005).

The collection of more data associated with the positioning and theextent of wetland resources would be significant in boosting theability of the public to make informed decisions concerning thecoastal biodiversity. Also, it will provide the needed understandingof sizes, locations, and the importance of the resources insustaining the lives of the species at risk (Beazley et al.,2005).

Controllingthe Effects of Fisheries on Coastal Biodiversity

The members in the province lack the understanding and knowledge ofwhere the inland wetland Nova Scotia ends and where best to establishthe fisheries. The priority in the development will be to avoiddamage or alteration to the coastal habitats by the fisheries inHalifax Regional Municipality (Charles and Wilson, 2009).

Apparently, the wetlands are easily degraded by the landowners andthe developers because the province and municipalities are notefficient in the enforcement of rules concerning the developmentsaround the sensitive coastal habitats (Venter et al., 2006).However, with the introduction of alternative ways of fishing whilereducing the influence of fisheries in the coastal habitats will actas the best way of protecting the coastal biodiversity.

ControllingPollution and Flooding

There are no established rules for growing trees in the areasadjacent to streams, wetlands or even lakes that are detailed at theprovincial level, but only the ones needed for commercial forestryoperations. As a result, tree cutting and other forms of loggingactivities in the coastal edges is a common event. For example,Kidston Pond is the most recent example within Halifax RegionalMunicipality (Zacharias and Gregr, 2005).

Several hectares of forest got destroyed by bulldozers for a housingdevelopment program near the pond. As a result, wet meadow area atthe end of the pond got completely enclosed under gravel. Therefore,the municipality can take the initiative of educating members on moreabout the importance of trees in the regulation of floods because thetrees will act in controlling runoffs into the coastal habitat and,therefore, protecting the lives of the endangered species in NovaScotia (Venter et al., 2006).

ControllingHuman Disturbance and Climate Change

The best option for Human Disturbance and Climate Change is when theHalifax Regional Municipality will restrict the wetland developmentprojects and start working together with landowners to locatepossible alternatives. The effects of development on wetlands areknown and protected in several areas of North America. However,Halifax Regional Municipality in Nova Scotia has continuously lostits wetlands and fisheries. Provincial wetland policy documentationwith all the necessary pieces of legislation regarding the wetlandwill be able to relay a message concerning the commitment of thegovernment to wetland protection and, therefore, assist in reducingproblems facing the wetland and the other coastal habitats (Collinsand Russell, 2009).

There should be full enforcement of the existing legislations, and itwill be an effective and easy first step of creating betterprotection. The jurisdictions will develop the criteria foridentifying wetlands in the municipality and establish legislationthat prohibits losses of the animals and plants that are at risk inthe systems. The strategies come from cumulative avoidance ofdestructions and ecological sensitivity of the regions (Collins andRussell, 2009).

PublicAwareness and Biodiversity Education

It will be relevant to educate the public concerning the practicalapproaches to ensuring the coastal biodiversity conservation. Also,they will train in maintaining good coastal habitat quality and theneeds of protecting the species at risk. As a consequence, thebiological factors and the species at risk will recover (Collins andRussell, 2009).

As a result, the government will offer increased incentives toemphasize on coastal habitat protection needs. For instance, theproperty owners will have to report about the malfunctioning of theirseptic systems to the NSDE. Consequently, fixation of the systemswill be done with the most current standards. Equally, theagricultural communities that need financial incentives to adopteffective practices that do not interfere with coastal life andfisheries. In doing so, they will also start realizing outcomes whilealso increasing the productivity and economy (Collins and Russell,2009).

CurbingInvasive Species that threaten the Coastal Biodiversity in HRM

Ecosystem integrity is one of the key strategies of coastalbiodiversity and wetland protection. One of the causes of coastalecosystems degradation is poor planning on land use and inappropriatedevelopments in the wetlands (Zacharias and Gregr, 2005).

Because the linkages between the wetlands, streams, estuaries andcoastal habitats are crucial to the health of the endangered speciesand fisheries in the system, there should be explicit efforts tounderstanding and maintaining the linkages. Equally, it will help incontrolling factors that act as breeding grounds for the alienspecies. It will then allow the natural coastal biodiversity to stayuninterrupted (Venter et al., 2006).


The problems of the coastal biodiversity that pose threats to theendangered species should be treated as a concern by the scholars andresearchers. By that, it will help in assisting in the discovery ofbest measures of sustaining the lives of such plants and animals.Similarly, there should be access to awareness campaigns on thecoastal biodiversity to the natives surrounding the habitats to makethem acquire the best practices for enhancing sustainability. Theeffect of floods and pollution can also reduce if the natives of themunicipality take it upon themselves to reduce uncontrolled loggingactivities.


Collins,S. J., &amp Russell, R. W. (2009). Toxicity of road salt to NovaScotia amphibians. Environmental Pollution, 157(1),320-324.

Beazley,K., Smandych, L., Snaith, T., MacKinnon, F., Austen-Smith Jr, P., &ampDuinker, P. (2005). Biodiversity considerations in conservationsystem planning: map-based approach for Nova Scotia, Canada.Ecological Applications, 15(6), 2192-2208.

Charles,A., &amp Wilson, L. (2009). Human dimensions of coastal protectedareas. ICES Journal of Marine Science: Journal du Conseil,66(1), 6-15.

Venter,O., Brodeur, N. N., Nemiroff, L., Belland, B., Dolinsek, I. J., &ampGrant, J. W. (2006). Threats to endangered species in Canada.Bioscience, 56(11), 903-910.

Zacharias,M. A., &amp Gregr, E. J. (2005). Sensitivity and vulnerability incoastal environments: an approach to identifying vulnerable marineareas. Conservation Biology, 19(1), 86-97.